2003 Fellows

Sarah Chankin-Gould

Fall 2003 Fellow, Federation of American Scientists, Strategic Security Project

Education: Tufts University, Ph.D. International Relations, 2015
Tufts University, MA Law and Diplomacy, 2008
Occidental College, BA Diplomacy and World Affairs, and Spanish, 2003

Issues Covered: Nuclear and conventional weapons in Latin America; Missile Technology Control Regime

Major Fellowship Activities: Chankin-Gould wrote an issue brief, The OAS Firearms Convention: Curbing Illicit Arms Flows for a More Secure Future for the FAS website.  She co-authored an issue brief on shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles entitled MANPADS Proliferation for the FAS website.  She contributed research to and helped edit a report by Matt Schroeder entitled Small Arms, Terrorism and the OAS Firearms Convention.  She translated the press release for the report into Spanish and served as the contact for Spanish- speaking press on the subject of the report, allowing FAS to reach a broader audience.  She represented FAS as an Observer at the XVIII General Conference of OPANAL (the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean), held in Havana, Cuba on November 5-6.  She did a presentation on the conference to FAS’s staff, and wrote an article on the conference, “Preventing Nuclear Proliferation in Latin America: The Treaty of Tlatelolco,” that appeared in the FAS Public Interest Report (Winter 2004).  She researched and co-wrote a paper on the Missile Technology Control Regime.  She researched voting records of Senate Foreign Relations Committee members on firearms issues.  She edited a paper written by Ivan Oelrich entitled “Missions for Nuclear Weapons After the Cold War.”  She updated the Arms Sales Monitoring Project Bills and Public Laws webpage, and updated ASMP database on Notifications to Congress of Pending U.S. Arms Transfers.

She has attended numerous meetings, including a briefing on the Department of State’s Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement, a Defense Security Cooperation Agency conference, a Defense Trade Advisory Group meeting at the State Department, a “Control Arms” campaign meeting sponsored by Amnesty International and Oxfam, a CITS Briefing “The Missile Technology Control Regime and Multilateral Export Control Reform: A Briefing by Ambassador Mariusz Handzlik, recent MTCR Chairman,” a Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security Transportation and Related Equipment Technical Advisory Committee meeting, and a House Government Reform Committee, Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations, hearing on “Nonproliferation: Assessing Missile Technology Export Controls,” and an Organization of American States panel on “Arms, Drugs, and Terrorism in the Western Hemisphere,”and Arms Transfer Working Group meetings.  Recently, she attended a House Bi-Partisan Task Force on Non-proliferation panel, the New America Foundation book forum on America’s Empire Problem, a Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation briefing “Pakistan and the Nuclear Supermarket: Assessing the Damage,” represented FAS at a booth at the American Association for the Advancement of Science fair, and attended their Vision 2033 Conference.

Current Activities: Chankin-Gould received her Ph.D. in International Relations from the Fletcher School at Tufts University in 2015. Her fields of study were International Security Studies and International Law. Her PhD dissertation, “Targeting Armed Violence: Implications of Localized Efforts to Control Small Arms Proliferation and Misuse in the Former Yugoslavia” explained the causes and consequences of small arms proliferation and misuse, and examine the potential of initiatives designed to mitigate the threat.  It involved examining case studies of UNDP small arms control assistance programs in the former Yugoslavia (specifically, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Kosovo). Her Master’s thesis was titled “Weapons of Individual Destruction: Understanding and Addressing the Small Arms Threat.” In summer 2007 she worked as an intern on the International Affairs and Trade team of the U.S. Government Accountability Office. She previously worked at CACI as a Document Management Analyst for DOE’s Yucca Mountain Project  as a Research Assistant in the Center for Defense Information’s Challenging Conventional Threats Project, and as a Research Assistant at FAS following the completion of her fellowship there.

 

Molly Farneth

Fall 2003 Fellow, Physicians for Social Responsibility

Education: Princeton University, Ph.D. Religion (subfield: Religion, Ethics, & Politics), 2014
Harvard University Divinity School, Masters in Theological Studies, 2007
Bowdoin College, AB Government and Religious Studies, 2003

Issues Covered: Military and foreign policy implications of U.S. energy policy

Major Fellowship Activities:  Farneth served as the coordinator of PSR’s Energy Security Initiative, a multidisciplinary project addressing the security implications of the U.S. energy policy.   She helped forge a coalition of PSR staff from both the security and environmental programs, and planned and facilitated the coalition’s meetings.  She helped present the initiative’s concept paper to PSR’s Board of Directors in November 2003.  She wrote three fact sheets for the Energy Security Initiative: “Military and Foreign Policy Impacts of U.S. Oil Dependence,”  “Nuclear Power and the Terrorist Threat,” and “Environmental Health, Global Security, and Fossil Fuel Dependence.”  She organized four Energy Security Initiative briefings.  The first was entitled “U.S. Energy Policy and Human Health,” focusing on the security and environmental health impacts of fossil fuel and nuclear-based energy, and served as the panel’s moderator.  The second briefing she organized was entitled, “The Pentagon Report: Global Security and Climate Change,” which was attended by Congressional staff, embassy staff, representatives of a wide range of public policy organizations, and media.  The third briefing, entitled “Threats to U.S. Energy Infrastructure,” addressed a variety of threats, including radiological terrorism and security vulnerabilities in oil/gas shipment.  She organized the final Energy Security Initiative briefing, entitled “Geopolitics of Oil,” which featured Professor Michael Klare discussing the coupling of U.S. energy policy and military policy through the twentieth century.   She also created the Energy Security Initiative website.  She submitted a resolution on the security and health risks posed by U.S. energy policy for adoption by the American Public Health Association (APHA), and was invited by APHA’s Peace Caucus to submit an abstract for a presentation during a session on War, Terrorism, and Public Health at APHA’s 2004 National Conference in November.  She has written articles about the Energy Security Initiative for PSR’s Security Activist Update and the Environment & Health Update, and an article for the Environment and Health Update, “Global Climate Change: New Pentagon Report Turns Up the Heat,” outlining the threats to international security associated with climate change.  She also wrote an article, “PSR Unites Environment, Security Expertise in New Initiative,” for PSR Reports, PSR’s quarterly newsletter.  In addition to her work on the Energy Security Initiative, Farneth wrote a fact sheet on bioterrorism and public health, “How Secure is the Homeland?: Biological Terrorism and U.S. Preparedness.”  She compiled presidential candidates’ statements and positions on energy security issues, which will be combined with other issue scorecards and released by the Arms Control Advocacy Collaborative  She wrote a factsheet entitled “No Safe Harbor: Security Threats of LNG.”  She also helped PSR’s Security Program prepare for the Congressional briefing, “U.S. Nuclear Weapons Testing: Health Effects and Policy Implications.”. She also provides a daily news service to the PSR Security Program.

Farneth attended several meetings and briefings.  These include the Alliance for Health Reform’s briefing on bioterrorism and public health, a Resources for the Future seminar by the lead author of a recent MIT study on the future of nuclear power, a WIIS panel on the security threats associated with centralized energy infrastructure, and a forum examining American foreign policy at the Center for American Progress.  She represented PSR at the Institute for Policy Studies’ PetroPolitics National Summit in January.  She has had meetings with several leaders in the field of energy security, including experts from the Energy Future Coalition, Center for Energy and the Global Environment at Harvard Medical School, Union of Concerned Scientists, and Resources for the Future.  She also participated in the PSR Security Program 2004 Planning Retreat and in PSR’s Leadership Conference, where she fielded attendees’ questions about the security vulnerabilities associated with nuclear power. She attended the PSR/WAND/CACNP briefing on terrorism prevention and preparedness.  She attended the press conference on the Smart Security Resolution, which was introduced by Congresswoman Lynn Woolsey and written, in part, by PSR.  She also attended a Women In International Security briefing, “Energy and Security: Challenges for Russia and the Baltics,’ at the Brookings Institution.  More recently she attended “Peaking of World Oil Production: What are we Willing to Risk?” at the Atlantic Council, “The Great Energy Efficiency Debate,” and “Renewable Power: On the Brink of a Revolution?” hosted by Worldwatch Institute.  She also represented PSR at the Take Back America conference organized by Campaign for America’s Future.

Current Activities: Farneth is an Assistant Professor of Religion at Haverford College where her research interests include Religious Ethics, Religion and Politics, and Democratic Theory. She earned a PhD in Religion (Religion, Ethics, & Politics subfield) from Princeton University in 2014. Her dissertation focused on varieties of ethical conflicts that emerge in religiously diverse societies, including the ways that such conflicts may be confronted and overcome when citizens draw from different religious and ethical sources. Her broader academic interests include religious and political ethics, philosophy of religion, and democratic theory. She was awarded a Charlotte W. Newcombe Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship for the 2013-2014 academic year. In 2011-2012, she was awarded a Graduate Prize Fellowship from the Princeton University Center for Human Values. She was  also awarded a Harold W. Dodds Fellowship for 2012-2013 in recognition of “outstanding performance and professional promise.” She received a Graduate Research Fellowship for 2009-2010 from Princeton’s Center for the Study of Religion. She previously worked as a Program Assistant with the Education & Youth Development program and the Criminal Justice program at the Open Society Institute in Baltimore. She conducted research and wrote, as well as organized a series of educational forums. She will teach in the Religion Department at the New School for Social Research, Eugene Lang College for the 2014-2015 academic year. She earned a Masters in Theological Studies from the Harvard University Divinity School in 2007. The focus of her studies was religion and politics. Previously, she worked as a Research Fellow and Coordinator of the Energy Security Initiative at PSR.

Krista Nelson

Spring 2003 Fellow, Center for Defense Information

Education: Yale University Law School, JD, 2013
University of London (King’s College), PhD War Studies, 2009
University of Chicago, BA Political Science, 2001

Issues Covered: International criminal court

Major Fellowship Activities: Nelson researched the current U.S. policy towards the International Criminal Court (ICC).  She wrote a briefing book on the subject, Closing the Door: The U.S. Effort to Shield Itself from the International Criminal Court, that was published by CDI.  She conducted interviews with experts, attended relevant lectures and conferences, and read the pertinent literature on the topic.  She wrote “Iraq: Questions Regarding the Laws of War” for the CDI website, which includes discussion of conventional weapons, weapons of mass destruction, and human shields.  She contributed a quote on Belgium’s “Anti-Atrocity Law” to the April 8th edition of CDI’s “Insights” dispatch.  She wrote an article on Options for the Prosecution of War Crimes and Atrocities in Iraq for the Weekly Defense Monitor, and a forthcoming article on the prospect for trials for the detainees in Guantanamo Bay.   In October she presented her paper on the International Criminal Court at the International Biennial Conference of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, held in Chicago.  She attended two United Nations Association conferences on “Post-Conflict Law and Order,” one focusing on maintaining the peace and the other focusing on creating a working legal system; and a lecture at the National Press Club on war crimes in Iraq in honor of the release of the Arabic edition of a book on the law of armed conflict and violations thereof.  She attended a Center for Defense Information/Physicians for Social Responsibility conference on U.S. Nuclear Policy and Counterproliferation, which included a panel on international law; a briefing on the law of armed conflict and a potential war in Iraq; two meetings with Supreme Court Justices; and a lecture on war crimes tribunals at the Holocaust Memorial Museum.  She attended the two-day Judicial Conference of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, which included lectures on international criminal law and military law; a press conference at the National Press Club on the International Criminal Court’s Victims Trust Fund; a “Law Day” lecture at the Library of Congress; a panel discussion at the American Enterprise Institute on U.S.-Russian Relations after Iraq; and a panel discussion at the US Institute of Peace on the Military and the Making of Foreign Policy.  She also attended a panel discussion on “Establishing Justice and the Rule of Law in Iraq” at the United States Institute of Peace; a lecture on and release of the new book Rogue Nation: American Unilateralism and the Failure of Good Intentions; and a discussion of external security and the use of force at “The Changing Role of the State: A Franco-American Dialogue” conference.  She attended a debate on “Prosecuting Terrorists: Civil or Military Courts?” at the American Enterprise Institute; a Women in International Security (WIIS) meeting on Baltic Regional Security Challenges; the presentation of the National Endowment for Democracy’s “Democracy Award” to North Korean gulag survivors; and a “Captive Nations” meeting held by Victims of Communism.

Current Activities: Nelson is an associate at Barack Ferrazzano Kirschbaum & Nagelberg LLP where she works in the firm’s litigation group and concentrates her practice on commercial litigation. She previously served as a member of the legal team supporting a United Nations human rights inquiry. During law school, she worked in the Department of Defense Office of General Counsel and interned for the Honorable Beryl A. Howell, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. She was an editor of the Yale Journal of International Law for the summer 2011 issue. She was a Research Associate at the University of Chicago during 2009-2010 where she focused on international law and security, especially on the law of armed conflict. She received a PhD from the Department of War Studies at King’s College, University of London in 2009 where she received the “Defence Studies PhD Studentship.” She also received an Overseas Research Student Award from the United Kingdom government. She wrote her doctoral thesis in the area of the law of armed conflict. In fall 2005 she started teaching at a training facility for British officers. In July 2005 she participated in Columbia University’s Summer Workshop on Analysis of Military Operations and Strategy (SWAMOS), and in September 2005 she presented a paper on “NGOs and the Creation of Laws of War Treaties: A Democratization of Negotiation?” at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.  In 2005 and 2006 she presented papers at the International Studies Association (ISA) and the British International Studies Association (BISA) conferences. Nelson presented a paper on the laws of war at “Transformation and Convergence: Armed Forces and Society in the New Security Environment,” a conference held in Toronto in October 2004.

Kaleb Redden

Spring 2003 Fellow, Center for Nonproliferation Studies

Education:  University of Cambridge, M. Phil International Relations, 2004
North Carolina State University, BS Chemical Engineering, and BS International Studies, 2002

Issues Covered: IAEA weapons inspections

Major Fellowship Activities: Redden worked with Sandy Spector on an op-ed piece about the need to get international inspectors back in Iraq to verify WMD finds.  He provided support for Sandy Spector to prepare for an interview with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation on reasons to readmit UN inspectors, and provided research support to Dennis Gormley on an article that he posted as a Research Story of the Week.  He also distributed briefing materials to congressional offices in anticipation of a vote on the Dirty Bomb Prevention Act (HR891).  He is co-writing a piece for the NIS Export Control Observer with Dennis Gormley on export control violations by some U.S. companies for transferring technology that could improve Chinese missile capabilities.  He has also provided editing support to Dennis Gormley on another article, and has provided some support to CNS’s nuclear terrorism project and a project examining possible opportunities for increased export control assistance within the bounds of export control arrangements.  He provided assistance to Leonard Spector to help him prepare for a panel discussion on Russian cooperation with Syria and Iran, held at the Heritage Foundation and attended the discussion.  He provided research assistance to Dennis Gormley on regarding the nature and details surrounding the recent North Korean anti-ship cruise missile tests.  He also attended a conference sponsored by the Triangle Institute for Strategic Studies (based at Duke University) on “The Media and Wartime Challenges,” and attended the PSR/CDI Conference on Nonproliferation.  His largest project is a paper focusing on funding and other constraints on the IAEA that make providing a credible inspection regime difficult.  He began the paper before beginning his Fellowship, and has drawn on the expertise of several CNS staff members and has been amplifying the paper based on their comments.  He took over responsibilities for the Chemical and Biological Weapons listserv, which is compiled three times a week to a distribution list of over 3,000 people.  In addition to creating and distributing this document, h manages the listserv subscriptions and archives each distribution’s articles into CNS’s private databases so that they might be searched later by researchers or graduate students.  He also began doing research for Sandy Spector and Charles Ferguson for their Nuclear Terrorism Project. He provided research assistance for an articles Spector is writing on Iran’s nuclear program, and is expanding it into a more formal paper for publication on the CNS website.  He co-authored a piece with Dennis Gormley, on Boeing and Hughes export control violations (“Boeing and Hughes Settle Over Export Control Violations Regarding Technology Data Transfers to the People’s Republic of China”) for the May 2003 issue of the CNS Export Control Observer.   He attended congressional testimony given by CNS’ Dr. James Clay Moltz, and lectures on nuclear liability by Spector and on life on the USS Carl Vinson by Dr. Moltz.  He also provided research support for several ongoing CNS projects, including one on the NPT, and compiled legal treatments on the weaponization of space. He provided support for Leonard Spector for his interview on NPR’s Weekend Edition (which Redden attended) on the looting in Iraq.  He is researching the complaints of nations with regard to peaceful technology transfers under Article IV of the NPT as part of a project for Larry Scheinman, keeping track of the Proliferation Security Initiative, and beginning an independent project looking at the changing nature of nonproliferation tools employed by states.

Current Activities: Redden serves as Director of the Strategy office in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in the Department of Defense. His office leads a wide range of efforts that guide Defense Department analysis and review including: formulating the Quadrennial Defense Review, assessing future national security challenges and risk management, developing long-term competitive strategies, coordinating global and internal policy planning, and deepening strategic collaboration with key allies and partners. He was previously a senior coordinator for Iraq & Coalition Affairs and before that was the Director for Northern & Western Europe in OSD. He became a Council on Foreign Relations Term Member and an MIT Seminar XXI fellow in 2015.

He was previously Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Dr. James Miller where he was responsible for providing his boss with advice and assistance with the formulation of national security and defense policy and the integration of DoD policy and plans to achieve national security objectives. His focus areas included: Security Sector Assistance Reform, Export Control Reform, Political-Military Issues, Oversight of the Commanders’ Emergency Response Program, and OSD(Policy) Human Capital issues.  He was awarded the OSD Medal for Exceptional Civilian Service for contributions to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Security Affairs.  In fall 2009 he was selected as a member of the inaugural class of the Center for a New American Security’s Next Generation National Security Leaders Program for people under 35, in which he participated in a series of discussions on various national security topics.  He was previously a Presidential Management Fellow (PMF) in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), which selects only seven PMFs per year.  His first rotation was in the OSD Base Realignment and Closure office where he helped with the Secretary’s BRAC Recommendations; he is now working in the Regional Assessments and Modeling Division, where he serves as an assistant to the division director who is playing a major role giving structure and managing elements of the process for the 2005 Quadrennial Defense Review.  His master’s thesis was entitled “From Nonproliferation to Intervention: Representations of Weapons Proliferation in Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy.”