Fall 2002 Fellow, Henry L. Stimson Center
Education: Princeton University Woodrow Wilson School, MPA International Relations, 2009
New York University School of Law, JD, 2009
University of Georgia, BA International Affairs, 2002
Issues Covered: The transfer of technology from American and European companies to China and its implications for national security and proliferation
Major Fellowship Activities: Davis worked on a project entitled “Foreign High-Tech R & D in China,” which focuses on the transfer of technology from American and European companies to China and its implications for national security and proliferation. He provided background research, collected data, and wrote some of the sections of the project report. He helped present the project findings to a group of eight experts on US-China relations, US- China trade, export controls, and R&D, and discussed their impressions of the project’s data and conclusions. He co-wrote “Risking a Repeat: Export Controls and Post-Conflict Iraq,” on the need to consider export controls for trade with a post-Saddam Iraqi regime, which is included in New Angles on Iraq: View of the Stimson Center’s Experts, and co-wrote “Export Controls and Post-Conflict Reality, Again,” an op-ed that appeared in Defense News (November 4, 2002). Additionally, he wrote an in-office briefing on the status of the Export Administration Act in Congress and the prospects for export control reform efforts in the coming year. He co-wrote an opinion piece on the Stimson Center’s homepage, titled, “Doing It Right: Post- Iraq Export Control Reforms”. He was the point-person for, and helped prepare the summary, of a conference titled “Improving Multilateral Export Controls and Technology Access for the Developing World,” held on December 12, 2002 at the Carnegie Endowment’s Conference Center. This conference addressed reform of the multilateral export control regimes and the impact of these regimes on development in the third world. As part of Stimson’s China Tech Transfer project, he prepared an assessment of China’s compliance to its WTO accession agreement after researching China’s commitments and the major evaluations of China’s performance to date. The brief will be used as a resource for an upcoming monograph for the tech transfer project. He conducted an assessment of the 108th Congressional leadership with an eye on the prospects for passing an Export Administration Act (EAA) in 2003/2004. He has attended several conferences and meetings, including the Carnegie International Non-Proliferation Conference; a meeting of the American Bar Association’s Committee on Export Controls and Economic Sanctions; the October 21 China Forum (prior to Jiang Zemin’s visit with President Bush in Crawford, Texas) at the National Press Club; a meeting with a delegation from the Shanghai Institute of International Studies at the Henry L. Stimson Center on Iraq, Sino-US cooperation, and North Korea’s nuclear program admission; “The Chinese Communist Party: The End of the Line?” at the Woodrow Wilson Center; “Taiwan and US Policy: Toward Stability or Crisis” on October 9 at the Russell Senate Office Building; and “The U.S. and Korea: Endless Entanglement or Crossroads for Change?” at the CATO Institute. Additionally, he met with Dr. Jean- Francois Garbuzan from the Foundation for Strategic Research (Paris) to discuss U.S. export control reform, multilateral export controls, and the post-9/11 use of export controls to combat the terrorist threat. He helped organize the Stimson Center Fellowship in China event given by the Center’s most recent fellow, Alan Tonelson, on “A Necessary Evil?: Current Chinese Views of America’s Military Role in East Asia” (February 20). He served as Rapporteur for the 34th United Nations Issues Conference on “Global Disarmament Regimes: A Future or a Failure?” at the Arden House Conference Center in Harriman, New York from February 28 to March 2. He has been working on condensing and re-writing his notes from the conference into an official rapporteur’s report which will be published by the Stanley Foundation. He attended a conference at the Woodrow Wilson Center on the sustainability of China’s economic boom, titled “Will the Bubble Burst?” (February 12). He attended the CDI/PSR “US Nuclear Policy and Counterproliferation” conference on February 26 and wrote an in-house summary of the discussion and issues. He designed two Stimson Center websites, one for the China Technology Transfer project and the second for the U.S. and Multilateral Export Controls project. He is drafting a proposal for a new Stimson Center project on national security and intangible technology that would bring together government and industry representatives for a series of roundtable forums. He has been writing a piece on the future of the NPT in light of recent developments in Iraq, North Korea, and Iran.
Current Activities: Davis is an Attorney-Adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser at the U.S. State Department. He works in the Office of Political-Military Affairs covering a range of issues regarding the use of force, war powers, and the laws of war. He was previously an Associate in the New York office of the law firm Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer. He worked in the firm’s Dispute Resolution Group, which includes both litigation and arbitration practices. He focused primarily on international arbitration matters, particularly investor-state disputes, representing both sovereign States and investors, and participated in international arbitrations based in Paris and The Hague. He earned a master’s degree in International Relations from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public & International Affairs at Princeton University and a law degree from New York University in 2009. At NYU he won First Place at the 2007 National UCLA Moot Court Competition and was the Global Issues Chair of the International Law Society Board and Volunteers Chair of the Public Service Auction. At Princeton he focused mostly on security issues and conflict resolution, and received the John Parker Compton Memorial Fellowship, which provides full tuition plus stipend based on academic merit. In summer 2008 he worked as a Graduate Intern in the Political-Economic Section of the U.S. Embassy in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. In summer 2007 he worked as a summer associate for Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in both New York and Hong Kong. In summer 2006 he worked on human rights and legal aid in Monrovia, Liberia with the Foundation for International Dignity. He previously worked as a research analyst with the Center for International Trade and Security in their Washington, DC office, where he conducted research and analysis on nonproliferation export controls, and wrote reports for government departments and private foundations.
Martha (Clark) Dunigan
Fall 2002 Fellow, Physicians for Social Responsibility
Education: Cornell University, Ph.D. Government, 2008
Cornell University, MA International Relations, 2005
Vassar College, BA Political Science, 2002
Issues Covered: Role of missile defenses in counterproliferation doctrine; Bush Administration policy of preemption; Iraq; North Korean nuclear program
Major Fellowship Activities: Clark researched and wrote a long policy paper, A False Sense of Security: The Role of Missile Defense in Counterproliferation Doctrine in light of current Bush Administration policies. She wrote fact sheets and issue briefs about missile defense “Bush Administration Missile Defense Deployment Linked to Preemptive Counterproliferation Policies”; the Bush Administration policy of preemption “The Bush Doctrine: Preemption and Dominance: 4The National Security Strategy of the United States of America,” and “Doctrine of Global Hegemony and Preemption: The National Security Strategy of the United States of America.”; Iraq “How We Got Here: Post-Gulf War U.N. Security Council Resolutions Pertaining to Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction,” and “War in Iraq: The Implications for Missile Defense”; and the North Korean nuclear program Dealing With the North Korean Nuclear Problem, The North Korean Nuclear Program and Timeline of Major Events in the North Korea Crisis.
She was involved in organizing and handling the participant list for a major policy conference put on by PSR in conjunction with the Center for Defense Information on February 26, 2003. This conference on U.S. Nuclear Policy and Counterproliferation was held at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and drew prominent speakers including foreign government ministers, a member of Congress. The conference addressed concerns about counterproliferation and preemptive war, new weapons systems and their implications for stability and security, the health and environmental consequences of weapons of mass destruction in wartime, the implications of counterproliferation and preemptive war for international legal norms, and the effectiveness of past nonproliferation policies in light of new Administration initiatives. She was also heavily involved in compiling and editing the proceedings from this conference, which are currently being printed in book form and will be distributed to all participants, some legislative offices, and the press. She attended weekly meetings of the Monday Lobby arms control coalition, bi-weekly meetings of the Nuclear Weapons Working Group (NWWG), and monthly meetings of the Nuclear Policy Taskforce. She also attended several hearings of the House Armed Services Committee on Capitol Hill pertaining to U.S. domestic response capabilities to WMD terrorism, and a legal hearing pertaining to the Bush Administration’s withdrawal from the ABM Treaty without Congressional consultation. She also attended several press conferences on the Iraq war put on by PSR and others at the National Press Club, and distributed press materials. She attended lectures and documentary showings about the issues she worked on at the Cato Institute and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
She worked with PSR’s Security Program National Field Director to create several factsheets (“Preemptive War, Unilateralism, and a Quest for Empire,” and “Bush Nuclear Policy,”) for a new grassroots campaign entitled “SMART Security.” She created a table of all countries either possessing WMD or who had at one time attempted to acquire WMD, for a PSR booklet on counterproliferation and nuclear weapons. She wrote an op-ed for the North Korea issue that will be sent to PSR members and activists as a sample op-ed to encourage them to contribute to their local papers on this issue. She attended PSR’s program planning retreat, which consisted of a day-long intensive planning meeting where the program members discussed their goals and strategies for the next six months. She assessed and edited the PSR Security program’s web content, including the addition of many resources that had been written years ago. She is working on designing a PSR webpage on missile defense, and conducting extensive research on a variety of issues related to missile defense, including the history of missile defense, weapons in space, technical aspects of missile defense, testing and oversight of the program, international missile defense, and current developments. She will be writing a series of issue briefs on these and related issues.
Current Activities: Dunigan is an Associate Political Scientist in the International Security Policy Group at the RAND Corporation which she joined in September 2008. She is engaged in research and writing on a number of national security issues, including security force assistance, military privatization, maritime irregular warfare, and nuclear issues. She received a PhD from Cornell University’s Government Department with a concentration in International Relations and a self-designed minor in Military Studies in 2008 and also co-wrote a book chapter on the use of private military and security companies in warfare. Her dissertation is titled “In the Company of Soldiers: Private Security Companies’ Impact on Military Effectiveness & The Democratic Advantage.” She was the recipient of a U.S. Institute of Peace Jennings Randolph Peace Scholar Dissertation Fellowship for the 2007-08 year, which supported her dissertation research and writing. In summer 2006 she worked as a summer associate at the RAND Corporation on a project on deterring nuclear terrorism. She received Cornell’s “Peace Studies Fellowship” for Fall 2006 that enabled her to conduct dissertation field research. In summer 2005 she participated in Columbia University’s “Summer Workshop on the Analysis of Military Operations and Strategy” (SWAMOS), a three-week conference-style workshop held at Cornell, and run by professor from SAIS, Columbia, and the Army War College. She had a short commentary published in an edited volume on the Iraq War that resulted from a conference at Cornell; the book was titled “Partners or Rivals?: European-American Relations After Iraq,” and was published in Italy by Vita e Pensiero publishers (2005). She also wrote an article titled “Deadly Chemicals, Domestic Politics, and Dissent: The Case of Russian Chemical Weapons Destruction and Lessons for Regime Theory” that was published in the Cornell International Review (Spring 2005). She presented an earlier version of this paper at the Northeastern Political Science Association (NPSA) Annual Conference in Boston in November 2004. She began her first teaching assistantship, and is teaching three separate sections for the Introduction to International Relations course at Cornell. She received a Foreign Language Areas Studies Scholarship (full tuition, plus a stipend for the year, to study Russian in addition to regular coursework). She authored a paper on the domestic political aspects of Russian chemical weapons demilitarization last semester, and is currently sending it out to political science conferences in hopes of presenting it later in the year. She is a member of the American Political Science Association. After her fellowship, she was hired as a Research Assistant at PSR through July 2003. She is a member of the American Political Science Association, the International Studies Association, and Women in International Security.
Fall 2002 Fellow, Arms Control Association
Education: University of Notre Dame, MA Kroc Institute, Peace Studies, 2002
University of Karachi (Pakistan), MA International Relations, 1999
University of Karachi (Pakistan), BA International Relations, 1998
Major Fellowship Activities: Khan wrote a factsheet on nuclear-weapon-free-zones; an essay/op-ed on “The Nonproliferation Regime and Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone,” and an issue brief on landmines. She worked on a factsheet entitled “Pakistan and India’s Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons.” She attended press conferences on “Countering the Axis of Evil,” “Disarming Iraq: How Weapons Inspections Can Work,” “Nuclear Deterrence and Chinese Strategic Thinking,” “A Rough Neighborhood: Afghanistan and its Neighbors,” and the Carnegie International Nonproliferation Conference.
Current Activities: Khan is a Research Officer at the Pakistani NGO PILER (Pakistan Institute for Labor Education and Research).
Fall 2002 Fellow, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
Education: Duke University, JD, 2006
Boston College, BA Political Science, 2001
Issues Covered: Terrorism Prevention; Tactical Nuclear Weapons
Major Fellowship Activities: Lennox worked with both the Terrorism Project and the Non-Proliferation Project. She wrote the on-line Briefing Book on Tactical Nuclear Weapons. She proofread and fact-checked “The Terrorism Prevention Handbook: A Guide to U.S. Government Terrorism Prevention Resources and Programs.” She is compiling a weekly update on terrorism prevention-related events occurring around the Washington, DC area, and wrote or contributed to the “Daily Play-by-Play” of important developments in the Senate debate on the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, both of which are sent out via e-mail. She completed an on-line briefing book on tactical nuclear weapons for the Non-Proliferation Project and designed the Word and HTML pages for publication. She helped design and compile a table comparing the House, Senate, and final versions of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (distributed to House Appropriations Committee staff). She attended a Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing on Iraq with testimony from Madeleine Albright, Henry Kissinger and Colin Powell; a luncheon discussion on The Threat to America from Offshore Missile Attacks held by the George C. Marshall Center; and a Woodrow Wilson Center Director’s Forum with Bill Clinton. She created webpages about the Department of Homeland Security and the Senate DHS debate.
Current Activities: Lennox is an attorney with Conservation Force. They represent the interests of sustainable use as a force for the conservation of wildlife in the U.S. and around the world. Conservation Force is a land trust, law firm, and non-governmental advisor of developing governments as to how best to utilize wildlife and natural resources as a development priority, revenue stream, and engine for greater conservation. Her specialties include Africa elephant (Zambia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania); black rhino (Namibia); and Marco Polo Argali and Markhor (Takikistan).
She was previously an Associate in the litigation department at Bingham McCutchen LLP. She litigated complex financial transactions and fraud cases, and advised clients on the interpretation of transaction documents. She also participated in pro bono activities including defending an Afghan detainee in prison at Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan. She was previously a Law Clerk to the Honorable Curtis L. Collier, Chief U.S. District Judge for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee. She handled a mixed docket of civil and criminal cases. During law school she was a Robert Netherland Miller merit scholar and executive editor of the Alaska Law Review, a scholarly publication that examines legal issues affecting the state of Alaska, published by students from Duke’s School of Law, and received a Public Service Award at graduation. During law school she twice attended the annual National Security Law conference and took National Security Law with Scott Silliman.
Spring 2002 Fellow, Center for Defense Information
Education: Georgetown University Law Center, JD, 2006
Hampshire College, BA International Relations, 2001
Issues Covered: Transparency of tactical nuclear weapons; U.S. foreign policy towards Cuba and Colombia
Major Fellowship Activities: Chaffee conducted research and wrote a monograph on increased transparency in tactical nuclear weapons (TNW) arsenals. Part of this research has included looking at how NATO expansion and the new Russia-NATO council will affect security concerns and possibilities for negotiations on TNWs. She has also been researching the wide array of verification techniques that have been used in the past and that could be used in a TNWs transparency regime. She attended the first week of the 2002 Preparatory Committee session for the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference at the UN and wrote an article entitled “Nuclear Disarmament Efforts Evaluated at NPT PrepCom,” that appeared in the May 2002 The Defense Monitor. She was invited to revise a paper she wrote previously on Strengthening Nuclear Weapon Free Zones for a small seminar on Nuclear Weapons Free Zones attended mostly by country delegates. She has written several articles for the Weekly Defense Monitor, “Lifting Restrictions on Aid to Colombia,” “Crucial Nonproliferation Assistance to Russia Hangs in The Balance, Again,” “Bush’s Cuba Policy Under Fire” and “United States and North Korea to Resume Talks.” She also wrote a letter to the editor that appeared in The Wall Street Journal (“Limiting Nuclear War Risk Will Never Be Outdated,” May 17, 2002). She has attended a congressional briefing by FAS and CDI experts on the nuclear earth penetrating weapons, a meeting at CDI with (Ret.) Russian Maj. Gen. P.S. Zolotarev about potential for increase in US-Russian transparency, relating mostly to strategic weapons and possibilities for de-alerting, a Carnegie Endowment function on the U.S.-Russian Summit, a congressional hearing on the Nuclear Posture Review, a meeting on the Urgent Call to End Nuclear Danger organized largely by Representative Kucinich and a briefing by RANSAC on Cooperative Threat Reduction.
Current Activities: Chaffee is Advocacy Counsel at Human Rights First (formerly Lawyer’s Committee for Human Rights), where she previously worked as a Kroll Family Human Rights Fellow. She works in their Washington office advocating for U.S. counter-terrorism policies that respect human rights while protecting national security. She earned a JD from Georgetown University Law Center in May 2006. She graduated Magna Cum Laude, was a Public Interest Law Scholar, recieved a Dean’s Certificate for service to the Law Center community, and recieved a Certificate in Humanitarian Emergencies and Refugees. She was a founding member of Georgetown University Law Center’s Human Rights Action Group.
In summer 2004 she worked at the Committee on Conscience at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, which works on genocide prevention. She traveled to Chad to interview Darfurian refugees from Western Sudan on a State Department-funded project organized by the Coalition for International Justice. She was previously the Washington DC representative for the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. Prior to attending law school she was the Research and Advocacy Coordinator at the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation in Santa Barbara, CA. She wrote on arms control and nonproliferation issues and was the primary editor of their monthly e-newsletter The Sunflower, an update on issues related to nuclear weapons, energy and waste as well as missiles and missile defense. She attended the 2003 NPT PrepCom in Geneva, and distributed an article she co-authored with NAPF President David Krieger entitled “Facing the Failures of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Regime” was published in this September/October 2003 issue of The Humanist.
Youliana (Ivanova) Sadowski
Spring 2002 Fellow, Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute
Education: American University, MA International Economic Policy, 2004
University of Georgia, BA Speech Communication/Political Science, 2001
Issues Covered: Demilitarization of former Soviet WMD sites; nonproliferation; biological and chemical weapons
Major Fellowship Activities: Sadowski worked on the Newly Independent States Nonproliferation Program where she conducted research on the current and future projects of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom), concentrating on the time period from March 2001 to the present. She researched the plans of Minatom to import and process spent nuclear fuel from foreign countries and assessed the possibility of these plans becoming a reality. Her research was used as the basis of a paper written by Dr. Sonia Ben Ouagrham, for the Russian “Nuclear Regionalism” and Challenges for U.S. Nonproliferation Assistance Programs Workshop. She helped organize the conference on Russian Nuclear Regionalism, held on April 5, 2002 at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She completed a chart on Minatom hierarchy with the names of the departments and department heads. She also worked on CNS’ Chemical and Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Program where she compiled a listserve three times a week with articles pertaining to chemical and biological weapons. The listserve was distributed to subscribers in the nonproliferation field. She also worked on the Missiles in Bulgaria project, which she developed. She researched the situation with Soviet missiles in Eastern Europe, and wrote an article for the CNS website about the destruction of SS-23 missiles by Bulgaria as a part of the country’s bid for NATO membership. She wrote “Bulgaria: Goodbye Missiles, Hello NATO,” which appeared in the September/October 2002 issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. She helped organize several events and conference s sponsored by CNS, including: “Expert Workshop on the Conduct of Challenge Inspections under the Chemical Weapons Convention,” “Keeping Track of Anthrax: The Case for a Biosecurity Convention,” “Russia’s Nuclear Submarine Fleet: Environmental and Proliferation Threats,” “U.S. Security and the Future Environment in Space: Managing Debris and Radiation,” and “U.S.-Japan Track II Meeting Arms Control, Disarmament, Nonproliferation, and Verification,”
Current Activities: Sadowski joined the U.S. Foreign Service in March 2012 as an economic officer. She received her first overseas posting to Seoul, South Korea and will be departing in May 2012. In Seoul she will be working at the U.S. Embassy as an economic officer on a wide range of bilateral and multilateral economic issues. She was previously a Foreign Affairs Officer with the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, where she worked as a Cuba desk officer and before that as a Serbia Desk Officer in the Office for South-Central Europe, where she monitored and promoted close cooperation with European and other allies on Serbia policy initiatives, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, military reform, economic assistance, democratization and other reform efforts. She was previously a Presidential Management Fellow and a desk officer for Senegal and Guinea-Bissau at the Department of State where she followed political and economic developments in those countries and served as a liaison between the State Department and the U.S. embassies in those countries, as well as between the State Department and the embassies of those countries in Washington, DC. During graduate school, she worked part-time at the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control where she was responsible for their Iraqwatch website.
Spring 2002 Fellow, Russian American Nuclear Security Advisory Council
Education: University of Cambridge, M. Phil., 2006
American University, BA International Studies, 2001
Issues Covering: Russian nuclear weapons programs and facilities
Issues Covered: Staudenmeyer helped plan and served as Rappatour and wrote summaries of RANSAC Congressional Security Seminars on “U.S.-Russian Relations in the post-September 11 World,” “A Decade of Nunn-Lugar: U.S.-Former Soviet Union Threat Reduction and Nonproliferation Cooperation,” “Proliferation Dangers in Russia’s Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Weapons Complexes,” and “A Briefing on the Dangers and Benefits of Russia’s International Nuclear Cooperation.” The summaries of these events were incorporated into the final study entitled Reshaping U.S.- Russian Threat Reduction: New Approaches for the Second Decade. She helped to write the report on the RANSAC-Carnegie Endowment conference “Further Assessing the Scale of the Problems in the Russian Nuclear, Chemical, Biological and Missile Complexes: What More Needs to Be Done to Downsize the Complexes?” Following the Bush-Putin Presidential summit in late May, she wrote a critical analysis of the summit’s goals and achievements, and a summary of the criticisms of the Treaty of Moscow/Strategic Offensive Reduction Treaty. She also helped plan and organize a series of dual-sponsored RANSAC-Carnegie Endowment for International Peace events which will be taking place this summer. She helped RANSAC compile FY03 budgetary analysis and wrote a summary of the Senate Armed Services Committee’s Sub-Committee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities. She represented RANSAC at a variety of conferences, seminars, and hearings, including the Arms Control Association’s “Moving Beyond ‘MAD’? A Briefing on Nuclear Arms Control and the Bush-Putin Summit,” the Senate Foreign Relations Committee’s hearing on the Nuclear Posture Review, and the Brookings Institute’s “Preview of President Bush’s Trip to Russia: Assessing Current Relations Between Moscow and Washington.”
Current Activities: Staudenmeyer received an M. Phil. in European Studies from Wolfson College at Cambridge University in 2006 where she focused on European Security.