2001 Fellows

Jessica (Scanlan) Bailey

Fall 2001 Fellow, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nuclear/Security Program and Center for Global Security and Health

Education: Yale University, MA International Relations, 2004
University of Notre Dame, BA Government/International Studies, 2001

Issues Covered: Small arms; changes in U.S. military policies and diplomatic alliances as a result of the 9/11 attacks

Major Fellowship Activities: Scanlan researched and wrote extensively on small arms for PSR’s Nuclear/Security Program and on U.S. responses to the 9/11 attacks for PSR’s Center for Global Security and Health. She focused on changes in U.S. military policies and diplomatic alliances as a result of the 9/11 attacks. She researched and wrote PSR issue briefs including “War on Terrorism: The United States’ New Allies,” “War on Terrorism: The Humanitarian Crisis in Afghanistan,” “War on Terrorism: Update on The Humanitarian Crisis in Afghanistan,” “The War on Terrorism: The Implications of Lifting Military Sanctions on India and Pakistan,” “Arming Afghan Refugees in Pakistan,” “Guns Shows: Toy Stores for Terrorists,” “Arms for Allies: U.S. Military Policy Since September 11,” and “Increases in Military Training and Arms Transfers Since September 11.”

She researched and wrote about U.S. small arms policies and the related landmine campaign. Because PSR had never directly worked on the issue of small arms, she was the sole staff member on the issue. She was given responsibility and the opportunity to launch and lead a project. She wrote fact sheets or issues briefs on “Small Arms and Light Weapons,” “Small Arms: U.S. Policy and the Role of the Medical Community,” “Landmines,” and co-wrote “Regulation of .50 Caliber Sniper Rifles,” She represented PSR at an international conference on the health effects of small arms trafficking in Helsinki, Finland entitled “Aiming For Prevention: International Medical Conference on Small Arms, Gun Violence, and Injury.”

During the joint International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War/Physicians for Social Responsibility conference she organized a plenary session that included a panel of experts to discuss U.S. policies on small arms transfers, and was a speaker on an additional small arms panel that discussed U.S. legislation relating to small arms transfers.

She attended a congressional hearing on the effects of the humanitarian/military involvement of the U.S. in Afghanistan; a conference with the Gun Violence Prevention department of PSR about ways in which the domestic and international campaigns could be linked; and a speech by the Foreign Minister of Afghanistan. She also attended bi-weekly meetings of the Arms Transfer Working Group and the Small Arms Working Group. In these coalitions, she tracked legislation, drafted sign-on letters, scheduled meetings with legislators, and submitted letters to editors.

Current Activities: Bailey is the Director of Commercial and Industrial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) at the Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority (CEFIA), the newly created “green bank.” PACE will allow property owners to access low-cost, long term finance for energy upgrades in their buildings and repay the loan through an assessment on their property taxes. The initiative is a way to reduce the energy consumed in buildings, which account for a large share of carbon emissions in the United States. She is continuing as an advisor to the Sustainable Development program at the RBF.

She was previously the Program Officer for the Rockefeller Brothers Fund’s Sustainable Development program, where she focused on climate change. She also managed the RBF’s Cross-Programmatic Initiative on energy, which explores the security and sustainability dimensions of energy policies. Prior to joining the RBF in 2004, she completed her master’s degree in International Relations from Yale University, where she concentrated on International Security Strategy primarily focusing on issues of U.S. foreign policy. Ms. Bailey interned in the Developing Policy Planning Office of the United Nations in 2003. She is a co-chair of the steering committee of the Climate and Energy funders group, and Secretary of the Board of Directors of 1Sky, an organization dedicated to encourage federal action to reverse global warming and promote renewable energy. She was previously the Special Assistant to the President at RBF. During graduate school she was awarded a Foreign Language and Area Studies grant from the U.S. government to study Spanish and Latin America.

Kendra Park Pasztor

Fall 2001 Fellow, World Federalist Association

Education: Columbia University, Master of International Affairs, 2007
University of the Pacific, BA International Relations and French Studies, 2001

Issues Covered: International Criminal Court; Globalization and its effect on peace and security

Major Fellowship Activities: Park worked on the International Criminal Court and on globalization and its effect on peace and security.  She researched different treaties on terrorism that the U.S. could ratify to help deal with future problems.  She helped write talking points on the War on Terrorism that was sent to WFA’s Partnership Program members, and updated WFA’s Campaign to End Genocide website with the latest legislative information.  She researched the International Criminal Court and the role the UN should play.  She compiled material and wrote web pages for the USA for ICC website and specifically the “Get the Facts” page.   She wrote background material on legislative actions regarding the ICC for WFA’s March Activist action packet.  She worked on a new WFA project focused on grassroots advocacy in favor of the democratization of global institutions.  She researched the work of other NGOs on this topic and gave updates to the WFA staff on this information.   She prepared materials for WFA’s January Activists packet mailing, whose topic was globalization, and specifically how economics, the environment, and international security affect each other.  She attended an issue briefing at the United States Institute of Peace, given by the head international prosecutor in Kosovo, about lessons learned about arms trafficking and international organized crime and how they can be applied in Afghanistan.  She attended a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on Bioterrorism and also attended the Monday Lobby meetings, and the working group on the International Criminal Court.  She also attended a meeting of the Partnership for Effective Peacekeeping, an initiative by WFA to establish a coalition that analyzes, and works toward improving UN Peacekeeping, and a conference by the Society for International Development to make contacts for WFA.  She spoke to two classes at Sherwood High School during their “Peace and Human Rights Day” about the International Criminal Court, genocide, and the importance of international treaties. She attended meetings for Partnership for Effective Peacekeeping; Washington Working Group on the ICC; and a program at the Holocaust Museum on “Justice after Genocide in Rwanda” which looked at the roles national and international law can play in peace building after war and atrocity occur.

Current Activities: Pasztor is Monitoring and Evaluation Manager at the Better Cotton Initiative (bettercotton.org) in Geneva, Switzerland. The Better Cotton Initiative exists to make global cotton production better for the people who produce it, better for the environment it grows in and better for the sector’s future,  by developing Better Cotton as a sustainable mainstream commodity. Kendra manages the collection, analysis, and presentation of Better Cotton results data and coordinates research and evaluation in collaboration with partners to measure the environmental and social impact of Better Cotton.

She previously worked on sexual and gender-based violence issues. She  worked with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees focusing on strengthening their use, and that of their implementing partners, of an information management system for gender-based violence (GBVIMS). The system, which was jointly developed by UNHCR, UNFPA, and the International Rescue Committee, is designed to record standardized information about reported incidents of gender-based violence. As a consultant for the International Rescue Committee she has written implementation guidelines and a training manual to respond to increased interest from organizations and agencies looking to implement the GBVIMS in humanitarian settings. Previously she lived in Norway and consulted IRC’s Women’s Protection and Empowerment Technical Unit on gender-based violence issues. She previously worked as Information Manager of the Gender-Based Violence Program with the International Rescue Committee in the Democratic Republic of Congo. She oversaw monitoring and evaluation and data management for IRC’s gender-based violence programming in the DRC. The IRC provides holistic case management services to survivors of sexual and other gender-based violence against women and girls, primarily in the conflict-affected east of the country, specifically in North Kivu and South Kivu provinces. She was formerly a Grants Coordinator with the IRC in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. where she managed a multi-year grant portfolio of $22 million. She monitored project progress, both financially and technically, across an array of sectors – return of internally displaced persons, water and sanitation, fighting gender-based violence, economic recovery, education, child and maternal health, and governance.  In 2007 she received a Master of International Affairs at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. She completed a concentration in Economic and Political Development with a focus on post-conflict situations. In summer 2006 she was an Evaluation Assistant at the United Nations Development Program’s Evaluation Office. In summer 2005 she worked on education issues in rural Senegal. Previously she was a Program Officer for Sub-Saharan Africa at Search for Common Ground, an organization conducting long term conflict resolution, community development, and peacebuilding programs around the world. There she co-wrote an article about conflict media and peacebuilding in Burundi titled “The Heroes Summit” published in June 2004 in Demain le Monde, an international development magazine produced under the auspices of Belgium’s National Centre for Development Cooperation. She was formerly the Director of the Africa Committee of the United Nations Association National Capital Area Young Professionals Group.


Masako Toki

Fall 2001 Fellow, Union of Concerned Scientists, Global Security

Education: Monterey Institute of International Studies, MA International Policy Studies and a Certificate of Nonproliferation Studies, 2000
Mukogawa Women’s University (Japan), BA English Language and Literature, 1988

Issues Covered: Missile Defense; Nunn-Lugar Programs

Major Fellowship Activities: Toki worked with the Global Security Program where she conducted research and updated UCS’ website on a variety of security-related topics including national missile defense and Nunn-Lugar programs. She updated the National Missile Defense resources webpage and the webpage entitled U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense Timeline. She wrote a brief summary of the Tests of Exoatmospheric Missile Defense Systems (IFT-6, July 2001 and IFT-7, December 2001). She helped to create the website of Resources for the 2001-02 NFISDA High School Debate Topic, “Weapons of Mass Destruction,” and worked on the list of key terms. She updated the webpage of Arms Control and Nonproliferation Resources, which includes official sources and non-governmental resources on arms control and nonproliferation. She helped update several nuclear weapons webpages following the Bush-Putin Crawford, Texas summit in November 2001, and the Nuclear Posture Review issued in January 2002. She wrote a brief summary of aspects of the Nunn-Lugar programs, and created resource pages of the Nunn-Lugar programs.  She also researched the history of the Strategic Defense Initiative, warhead dismantlement, deeper reductions in nuclear arsenals, and the 2005 NPT Review Conference.

Current Activities: Toki is a Project Manager and Research Associate in the Nonproliferation Educational Program at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, California.  She develops online educational resources, including the NPT Tutorial and Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Tutorial.  She wrote an issue brief for the Nuclear Threat Initiative, “Sixty Years After the Nuclear Devastation, Japan’s Role in the NPT,” in December 2005, and co-wrote “How We Think About Peace and Security: The ABCs of Initiatives for Disarmament & Non-Proliferation Education,” for the IAEA Bulletin in March 2005.  She is a content teacher for the Japanese section of the Monterey Model Course “Current Issues in Nonproliferation” during the spring 2005, and 2003 semesters.  In the spring 2004 semester, she was a teaching assistant for the Arms Control Simulation (for the 2005 NPT Prepcom) taught by William Potter.

Eva Blaszczynski

Spring 2001 Fellow, Henry L. Stimson Center

Education: Johns Hopkins University, MA International Relations, 2004
Northwestern University, BA Political Science and International Studies, 2000

Issues Covered: European Security and United Nations Peace Operations

Major Fellowship Activities: Blaszczynski worked on three separate projects: a study of the European Union’s efforts to coordinate the policies of the respective members states on arms control and nonproliferation; an annual conference on “U.S. and European Export Controls,” co-hosted with the German Council on Foreign Relations; and a Congressionally-mandated high-level Study Group on Enhancing Multilateral Export Controls for U.S. National Security.  She assisted with the preparation of meetings for the study group on export controls, researched the companies that were invited and/or attended the conference, edited papers commissioned for the study, did news-tracking on European security and export controls and research on Europe and nonproliferation.

Current Activities: Blaszczynski is a Senior Analyst within the custom research unit of the Economist Intelligence Unit. Her major focus is country analysis/market intelligence/political and economic risk analysis.  Her recent publications include freelance writer/contributor for the Warsaw Business Journal, Foreign Policy (Romanian edition) and the Center for European Policy Analysis and she written about U.S. relations with Central Europe/Russia, energy security, trade/investment, economic development, and democracy/human rights.  Prior to graduate school she worked as a Policy Analyst at the Council for a Livable World where she researched and wrote policy briefs on biological weapons, UN funding and the B2 Bomber.

Fleur Burke

Spring 2001 Fellow, Center for Defense Information

Education: Monterey Institute for International Studies, MPA International Management, 2000
University of Southern California, BA International Relations and French, 1998

Issues Covering: U.S. End-Use Monitoring system

Major Fellowship Activities: Burke researched and wrote a report entitled How Little Is Enough? : U.S. End-Use Monitoring and Oversight of the Weapons Trade, which was released in January 2002.  The defense items that the project addressed are both military items/equipment (those items included in the U.S. Munitions List), which are under the legal jurisdiction of the Arms Export Control Act, and dual use items, which are under the legal jurisdiction of the Export Administration Act.  The project analyzed specific U.S. EUM programs, such as the Blue Lantern Program. An important element in clarifying the current EUM system, which will be included in the case analysis, is in regards to confusing jurisdictional aspects (i.e., which agency has jurisdiction in which cases).  She attended meetings of the Small Arms and Arms Transfer working groups.  She wrote an article for CDI’s Weekly Defense Monitor entitled “Powell Reaches Out to Africa, But On What Terms?”  She compiled “Evolution of U.S. Policy on Small Arms,” a survey of speeches, official documents, and policy notes by U.S. government officials on small arms from 1995-2001, which shows the evolution of U.S. governmental policy.  This document was distributed at a Senate briefing on the UN 2001 Conference on Small Arms that will be held July 9-20 in New York.  It was also distributed at a press briefing at the National Press Club.

Current Activities: Burke recently passed the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Green Associate exam and plans on working as a green building consultant for a construction company.  In 2009 she worked for the University of Maryland as a Defense Department contractor at the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, CA, where she was a research assistant involved in a study to remake the Defense Language Aptitude Battery.  She is a member of the Monterey Bay chapter of the United Nations Association.

Kristin (Thompson) Sharp

Spring 2001 Fellow, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Center for Nonproliferation Studies/British American Security Information Council

Education: Duke University, MA Political Science, 2006
University of Michigan, BA Political Science, 2000

Issues Covered:  Project on Congress and Nonproliferation (role of Congress in setting and implementing U.S. nonproliferation policy)

Major Fellowship Activities: Thompson worked with Sandy Spector on the Project on Congress and Nonproliferation examining the central role of Congress in setting and implementing U.S. nonproliferation policy.  The project focused on several areas in which Congress affects U.S. policy regarding the nonproliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including directive legislation, appropriations, authorizations, and oversight activities to determine which (if any) issues have broad bipartisan support.  She helped create and maintain a web site on the confirmation status of Bush Administration appointees to nonproliferation-related positions. Similarly, she maintained a website listing Congressional testimony relevant to nonproliferation.  She charted the different government agencies and departments with responsibilities toward researching, preventing and responding to terrorism with weapons of mass destruction.  The chart was used as a visual aid in a three-day joint congressional hearing on terrorism.  She coordinated logistics for a seminar entitled “U.S.-NATO Relations Regarding Missile Defense: Concepts, Architectures and Perspectives,” which received extensive coverage in newspapers and on C-SPAN, and took notes of the seminar for publication on their web site.  She created and updated a power point presentation on Monterey Institute and CNS nuclear, chemical and biological projects and databases for use at Carnegie Non-proliferation Conference.  She also researched Congressional legislation for reference in papers and presentations for Sandy Spector.  She planned and organized the visit to DC of Dr. Alexei Arbatov, Russian Duma Defense Committee Deputy Chairman.  She arranged meetings for Dr. Arbatov with members of Congress and several key Presidential aides including Condoleeza Rice and John Bolton.  She researched some of Arbatov’s arms control articles and forwarded them to all appointments.  She also organized talks by Dr. Siegfried Hecker, Senior Fellow at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and Mohamed El Baradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency.  Additionally, she planned and organized a luncheon with over 80 participants entitled, “Russian National Security at Home and Abroad.”  She also prepared and summarized notes for several briefings on subjects ranging from the IAEA to Security at US nuclear labs and posted the notes on the web.  She researched the motivations and types of BW and WMD terrorist groups for John Parachini and researched, fact-checked and edited a variety of papers and lectures prepared by Leonard Spector.  At BASIC she researched export controls, Missile Technology Control Regime and National Missile Defense.  She also attended coalition meetings for BASIC, planning sessions for European strategy against NMD, set up meetings with Congressional staff members, and wrote MTCR talking points and fact sheets.

Current Activities: Sharp is Executive Director of Shift: The Commission on Work, Workers, and Technology at New America/Bloomberg. Before that she served as deputy chief of staff to Senator Mark Warner where she focuses on a variety of issues including defense, telecom, and general leadership issues. She was previously Legislative Director for Senator Mark Pryor, where she advised the Senator, managed his legislative priorities and supervised a staff of 16 LAs, LCs, and fellows. She was previously the Staff Director of the Subcommittee on State, Local, and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee.  In this capacity she oversaw Department of Homeland Security programs related to planning and preparedness, developed preparedness strategies and related legislation, and manages a busy Subcommittee office.  She graduated from Duke University in 2006 with an MA in Political Science specializing in international security. She was a Legislative Assistant with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee focusing on energy security issues.  At Duke, she was a teaching assistant for classes on International Security and International Relations, was the organizer of the Department of Political Science Speaker Series “Emerging Topics in International Relations” and a graduate student representative for the International Relations Faculty Search Committee.  She also worked on a paper on nuclear command and control for the Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, a Swiss think tank that deals with civil-military relations.  Previously, she was a Research Associate at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies where she worked on projects on nuclear, chemical and biological nonproliferation, and managed the CNS project on Congress and Nonproliferation.