2000 Fellows

Michael Bhatia

Fall 2000 Fellow, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments

Education: Oxford University, MS International Relations Research, 2002
Brown University, AB International Relations, 1999

Issues Covered: Peace Operations; Revolution in Military Affairs

Major Fellowship Activities: Bhatia researched and wrote a book entitled “The Contemporary Environment of Peace Operations: A Global Survey of War and Intervention,” to be published by the Kumarian Press in January 2003.  He also wrote “The Western Sahara Under Polisario Control: Summary Report of Field Mission to the Sahrawi Refugee Camps (near Tindouf, Algeria),” which appeared in the Review of African Political Economy in its June 2001 issue.  The article was written as a result of a trip he took to the Western Sahara in April 2001.

Current Activities: Bhatia was killed on May 7, 2008 in Khost Province, Afghanistan where he was serving as a social scientist in consultation with the U.S. Defense Department.  On May 16, 2008, by order of the Secretary of Defense of the United States, Michael was awarded the Secretary of Defense Medal for the Defense of Freedom posthumously.

Bhatia was a Field Anthropologist in an Army Combat Brigade in Afghanistan working for BAE Systems.  He was part of the Human Terrain Team initiative, which sought to improve the culture and political awareness of deployed Army brigades in Afghanistan.  He trained in Fort Leavenworth, KS prior to deployment in December 2007.  He was also pursuing a doctorate at St. Anthony’s College and the Department of Politics and International Relations at Oxford University as a 2001 Marshall Scholar.  His doctoral research was an examination of individual motivations for combatant mobilization in cases of prolonged conflict.    In 2006-2007 he was a Visiting Fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University where he taught a class on the American Military.  He taught a course on “The Causes of War” at Carleton University in Ottawa, ON in Winter 2006.  In summer 2004 he traveled to Kandahar to research a briefing paper on security in Afghanistan for the Afghan Research and Evaluation Unit, which was presented at the NATO Commander’s Conference.  He edited a special issue of the Third World Quarterly In March 2005 on “The Politics of Naming: Rebels, Terrorists, Criminals, Bandits and Subversives.”  After completing his Scoville Fellowship he traveled to northern Pakistan and Afghanistan as part of the Overseas Development Institute’s “Political Economy of War” research team, the results of which were published in the summer of 2002.  His book War and Intervention: Issues for Contemporary Peace Operations (Kumarian Press; March 2003) was based on research he conducted during his fellowship.


Jeremy Bratt

Fall 2000 Fellow, Council for a Livable World Education Fund

Education: Augustana College, BA Political Science, 2000

Issues Covered: Military budget and weapons systems

Major Fellowship Activities: Bratt researched weapons systems and budgetary information, and wrote analyses of military budgets up for a vote in Congress.  He focused on the pork projects that are included in the military budget, and tried to determine the Congressional district each project benefits.  He published a letter to the editor to the Washington Post entitled “Military Spending Adds Up,”  written in response to an opinion-editorial piece by former Defense Secretary Perry and former Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Shalikashvili, which argued that current levels of military spending are sufficient to solve any military readiness problems that may exist.  He wrote another letter to the editor which appeared in the Washington Times entitled “Passing The Buck On Military Readiness,” written in response to an op-ed piece by Representatives Bill Young and Jerry Lewis.  He wrote a letter to the editor which ran in The Florida Times-Union as “Military Readiness: Time to Abandon Two-War Strategy.”  He wrote an op-ed entitled “Osprey Is a Bad Bird” which appeared in the Philadelphia City Paper.  He wrote another op-ed, “Preparing For Tomorrow’s Conflicts With Yesterday’s Strategies” which was published in the San Diego Union-Tribune.  He wrote a letter concerning National Missile Defense which appeared in American Outlook (published by the Hudson Institute) in its May/June 2001 issue entitled “Bombs Away.”  In December he appeared as an expert on military spending on the Tom Clark News Hour, a radio show broadcast on Wisconsin Public Radio, where he spoke primarily about the military’s two-war strategy and answered questions from listeners for an hour.  He drafted several press releases about the nomination of Donald Rumsfeld as Secretary of Defense, and recent developments with the V-22 Osprey.  As a result of the press releases, Council staff were quoted in The Chicago Tribune, The Dallas Morning News and The New York Times.  Following the nomination of Colin Powell as Secretary of State and Rumsfeld as Secretary of Defense, he helped draft prospective questions for Senators to ask the nominees at the committee hearings and attended the nomination hearings for Secretary Powell.  He researched and wrote several sections for the Council’s military spending Briefing Book regarding military spending as corporate welfare and about several weapons programs.

Current Activities: Bratt is Director of External Affairs at Better Markets. He is responsible for the organization’s interactions with Congress, federal regulators, and allied public interest organizations who share Better Markets’ goal of promoting the public interest in the financial markets and protecting Wall Street reform. He was formerly Deputy Director of Congressional and Legislative Affairs at the Department of the Interior. Before that he was Legislative Director for Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) and managed the Senator’s legislative portfolio. He was previously Legislative Director for Senator Byron Dorgan (D-ND), who was the Chairman of the Energy and Water Subcommittee on the Senate Appropriations Committee, which funds Department of Energy nuclear weapons programs. Bratt previously worked as a Senior Professional Staff member on the House Agriculture Committee, where he provided strategic advice to the Chairman, Rep. Collin Peterson (D-MN) and worked with the Committee’s members to advance their legislative agenda, as Deputy Chief of Staff and Legislative Director to Congressman Tim Walz (MN-01), and before that as a Legislative Assistant to Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-ND) and as a Legislative Aide for Senator Mark Dayton (D-MN).


Scott Cantor

Fall 2000 Fellow, Lawyers Alliance for World Security/Committee for National Security

Education: Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, MA International Economics and Strategic Studies, 2008
Emory University, BA International Studies, 2000

Issues Covered: National Missile Defense; the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Major Fellowship Activities: Cantor conducted research for several LAWS White Papers.  He assisted LAWS Vice President Jack Mendelsohn in completing final editing and helped to compile the bibliography, author biographies and a list of acronyms for a White Paper on the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.  He also developed a cover letter for the CTBT white paper and distributed it to the Bush Transition Team, members of the new Congress, and the new administration. He assisted in the transcription of tapes recorded at a LAWS roundtable discussion at Stanford University on the future of the CTBT which included President Carter, William Perry, General Shalikashvili and Paul Nitze. He worked on a press release to send to the media to announce the publication of the transcript.  For the White Paper on nuclear weapons use policy he focused on the use of nuclear weapons in deterrence of conventional, nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, and has collected background materials on Sea-Based NMD, Boost Phase NMD and GPALS.  He conducted research on Tactical Nuclear Weapons to assist Jack Mendelsohn in his presentation for a United States Air Force Conference hosted by SAIC on November 2-3, 2000.  He accompanied LAWS President Thomas Graham, Jr. to Charlottesville, VA for a debate sponsored by the Charlottesville Council on Foreign Relations, where Graham engaged Ambassador Hank Cooper, a former Reagan official, on the topic of National Missile Defense.  He drafted several letters of correspondence for Ambassador Graham, including a memo to the Eminent Personas Group (EPG) regarding a proposal to limit the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, written in preparation for the June 2001 UN Conference on Small Arms and Light Weapons.  The memo was circulated to the EPG board of directors, which includes former heads of state, ambassadors and defense ministers.  He worked with LAWS board members John Rhinelander and Alexander Yeriskovsky and Thomas Graham to publish an op-ed in the Moscow Times on September 1, 2000 entitled, “Caution on NMD, ” which probed the nuanced legal language of the 1972 ABM Treaty. He worked on a background briefing to send to LAWS’ board members on the North Korean proposal to swap peaceful missile technology for its ballistic missile program.  He sat in on several board meetings to take notes while Robert McNamara, Stansfield Turner, and John Holum, would discuss LAWS’ approach to issues. He attended the Coolfont retreat as LAWS representative, where he had an opportunity to hear a wide array of speakers about nuclear weapons issues and to interact with leaders of the field.  He also worked on an ongoing project to develop new content for the LAWS website.

Current Activities: Cantor is the Principle for Stakeholder Relations in the Carbon Finance Unit in the Environment Department at The World Bank. He coordinates stakeholder outreach and fundraising for the Carbon Finance Unit which currently has $2.7 billion in assets under management to purchase carbon offset permits. During graduate school at Johns Hopkins he received the Class of 1959 Scholarship (2006), Philip Thayer Scholarship (2007), and Smet Leadership Award (2008).  He spent his first year at SAIS’ Bologna Center. In summer 2007 he is doing an internship at the Institute of International Finance.


Kelly Turner

Fall 2000 Fellow, Russian American Nuclear Security Advisory Council

Education: George Washington University, Elliot School of International Affairs, MA International Affairs, 2001
Middlebury College, BA Russian and East European Studies, 1996

Issues Covered: Russian plutonium production reactors; Department of Energy’s Second Line of Defense program (preventing nuclear smuggling from Russia)

Major Fellowship Activities: Turner focused on Russian plutonium production reactors and the Department of Energy’s Second Line of Defense program (preventing nuclear smuggling from Russia).   She helped Kenneth Luongo research an article entitled “The Uncertain Future of U.S.-Russian Cooperative Security,” which appeared in the January/February 2001 issue of Arms Control Today.  She prepared a RANSAC Congressional “Strategic Stability and Security Seminar Series” on Russia’s Nuclear Cooperation with Iran and China.  She also prepared a summary of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations hearing on the Department of Energy Nonproliferation Programs with Russia, whose panelists included Howard Baker Jr. and Lloyd Cutler, co-chairs of the Task Force on DOE Nonproliferation Programs with Russia.  She worked on three reports for RANSAC publications: one  on the Department of Energy’s Second Line of Defense Program; the second on International Cooperative Efforts in Russian National Security; and the final report on DOD efforts to convert the three remaining plutonium reactors (weapons-usable material).

Current Activities: Turner will become Chief of Staff of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Satellite and Information Service.  She will provide senior policy and program guidance to senior leaders in NOAA’s Satellite and Information Service, an office that represents 40% of NOAA’s annual budget.  She will provide oversight to operations, communications, and engagement with external stakeholders.  She was previously Special Advisor in the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.  She provided program and policy guidance in the areas of satellite and Earth observation to the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere (the NOAA Administrator).  She joined NOAA as a Presidential Management Intern where she worked as an International Relations Specialist in the Office of International and Interagency Affairs.


Loulena Miles

Spring 2000 Fellow, Alliance for Nuclear Accountability

Education: Golden Gate University, JD, 2003
University of California at Santa Cruz, BA Environmental Studies, 1999

Issues Covered: Stockpile stewardship; health impacts of weapons production; Yucca Mountain

Major Fellowship Activities: The bulk of her work included attending hearings and scientific forums, developing analyses on the subjects covered at these events, and disseminating this information to member organizations across the country.  She attended congressional hearings on the potential external regulation and reorganization of the DOE, the oversight and progress of a permanent nuclear waste repository in Yucca Mountain; and the urgent environmental health concerns of many DOE sites. She reviewed the Yucca Mountain Draft Environmental Impact Statement and responded with final comments on its adequacy on behalf of the ANA network.

A major focus of Loulena’s work was on the ongoing health impacts of releases from DOE nuclear weapons production sites. She has worked to compile evidence of community exposure at these sites by interviewing local residents, reading agency reports, compiling environmental data, and meeting with high level DOE officials.  She has assembled a historical chronology of compensation cases involving radiation exposure, including such exposures as the Marshall Islands case, the Paducah-Kentucky case, the human radiation experiments, and the Utah downwinders.  This chronology will be used as evidence that there are many precedents for compensation cases and the communities surrounding DOE weapons production sites should not be excluded from compensation.  Moreover, she attended a Community Research Network conference in Atlanta, Georgia to learn more about new methods for establishing causal relationships between environmental contamination and community illness.  This material will be used in a workshop designed to establish compelling evidence that DOE should provide physician training, medical monitoring and health care compensation for these communities.  Further, she attended several BEIR VII (Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation) forums and delivered ANA position statements on the committee’s composition and objectivity.

Concerning disarmament issues, Miles co-organized an educational campaign on the technical, fiscal and serious proliferation problems of the National Ignition Facility (NIF).  This involved authoring a fact sheet on NIF and a second on Common Myths and Facts on the NIF, coordinating many visits with officials, and informing grassroots members about this irresponsible project. Additionally, in May 2000, Miles represented the Back from the Brink de-alerting nuclear weapons campaign at the Non Proliferation Review Conference at the United Nations.  She participated in many workshops, and demonstrations while building alliances with others in the NGO community.

Current Activities: Miles started an estate planning law firm called Miles and Torres Associates. She was previously an attorney with Senior Legal Services of Contra Costa County, California, where she focused on providing legal direct services to senior citizens facing serious legal hurdles to maintaining housing, healthcare and financial solvency. She completed a certification as a mediator through the SEEDS dispute resolution program. She was previously an Associate Attorney with Adams, Broadwell, Joseph and Cardozo. Its clients include a broad range of labor unions, environmental, consumer and other nonprofit organizations and public agencies in administrative proceedings before local, state and federal regulatory and permitting authorities, before legislative bodies and in judicial proceedings. She was a recipient of the 2003 New Voices Fellowship that enabled her to serve as Staff Attorney at Tri-Valley CAREs in Livermore, CA. She headed up a project to oversee the environmental review of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  and conducted investigative reporting on U.S. nuclear weapons and biological agent activities. Her work primarily focused on the Livermore Lab’s Site-Wide EIS, which is the lab’s 10 year planning document. She provided analysis of the lab’s impacts from nuclear weapons development to clean up and monitoring of nuclear and hazardous waste. She was involved in litigation challenging the lab’s proposed bio-warfare agent research center. She also participated in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty preparatory conference in 2004 and the World Social Forum in Mumbai, India. During law school she received specialization certificates in Environmental and Public Interest Law. She has spoken several times on behalf of the organization on topics such as nuclear nonproliferation and the nuclear waste cycle. She is a board member and treasurer of Tri-Valley CAREs.


Edward Palmisano

Spring 2000 Fellow, Henry L. Stimson Center

Education: University of Cambridge, M Phil International Relations, 1999
University of Sydney, LLB, 1997
University of Sydney, BA Modern History, 1994

Issues Covered: United Nations peace operations

Major Fellowship Activities: Palmisano worked with Dr. William Durch on the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations, a comprehensive evaluation of the U.N.’s engagement in peace and security related field missions.  The panel was chaired by Ambassador Lakhdar Brahimi at the request of Secretary-General Kofi Annan. The recommendations went directly to Secretary-General Annan who tabled the report at the Millenium Summit.

Palmisano helped research and write the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations.  Specifically, he wrote the section of the paper dealing with international law.  He recommended to the Brahimi Panel that the UN create a Justice Package: an interim legal code to reestablish the rule of law in post conflict zones until the local rule of law is secured.  He recommended that the Justice Package should include: an interim criminal code, drawing on universal principles; the appointment and training of legal professionals; an interim legal infrastructure; the recruitment and training of police; and should strive to build human rights and humanitarian law into every peacekeeping operation.

In its report to Secretary-General Annan, the Panel on UN Peace Operations adopted part of Palmisano’s recommendations. The Brahimi Panel recommended that international legal experts evaluate the feasibility and utility of developing an interim criminal code to reestablish local rule of law in peace operations (Recommendation 83 A/55/305-S/2000/809).

United Nations Secretary-General Annan urged world leaders at the Millennium Summit to consider the Brahimi Panel’s Report very seriously. British Prime Minister Tony Blair said, “the Brahimi Report is right.  We should implement it and do so within a twelve month timescale.”  U.S. President Bill Clinton said the Brahimi Report set the agenda on the UN’s responsibilities to peace operations.

In the preparation of his report to the Brahimi Panel, Palmisano corresponded with world experts in the area of rule of law in peacekeeping operations.  He formed part of the fourteen person Panel meetings at UN headquarters in New York convened by Kofi Annan.  Following the Report’s release on 21 August 2000, he was engaged in follow-up work at the Stimson Center, including the bringing together of international legal experts to design an interim criminal code.

Current Activities: Palmisano is Director of Government Relations at the University of Sydney. He advises the Vice-Chancellor, Deans and Senate on strategies to engage federal, state and local governments and initiates special projects to enhance the profile and status of the University as a leading research University committed to local and global communities.
He was previously a diplomat and represented Australia at international negotiations and developed foreign policy on issues of international law. He worked at the Australian Embassy in Madrid, Spain where his work included making government to government representations on a range of political, economic and international law issues. On disarmament related issues he was actively involved with the Australia Group – a mechanism to minimize the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons.