1997 Fellows

Frances Bourne

Fall 1997 Fellow, Henry L. Stimson Center

Education: Haverford College, BA Political Science, 1997

Issues Covered: Landmines; nuclear issues

Major Fellowship Activities: Bourne worked on issues related to landmines, and helped put together a resource guide on humanitarian de-mining.  In her work with the Nuclear Policy Project, she scheduled Admiral Stansfield Turner’s speaking tour of Boston and San Francisco, where he spoke to the media about his book on the importance of large reductions in the nuclear stockpile. She also attended various meetings on nuclear terrorism, and helped publicize a public opinion poll on nuclear weapons in a report titled Public Attitudes on Nuclear Weapons: An Opportunity for Leadership.  The poll found broad support for reductions in the nuclear weapons. She scheduled a Voice of America “Talk to America” program regarding nuclear terrorism.

Current Activities:  Bourne is Chief of Federal Relations at the National Passenger Railroad Corporation (Amtrak) where her responsibilities include managing the company’s relationship with Congress and the Administration. She was previously  Director of Intergovernmental Affairs at Amtrak where she handled the company’s legislative and policy strategy with state and local government, business, environmental, rail, passengers, and other advocacy organizations  and worked with these external partners and every department within the company, the CEO and Board of Directors. Following her fellowship she worked in the office of Congresswoman Darlene Hooley of Oregon and then as Director of Policy for the Presidential Members of the U.S. Census Monitoring Board based at the Census Bureau.  In that capacity she monitored local government relations with the Census Bureau in an effort to improve the census process.


Elise Keppler

Fall 1997 Fellow, National Security News Service

Education: University of California at Berkeley, JD, 2001
Brown University, BA International Relations, 1997

Issues Covered: Arms trafficking in Africa; NATO expansion

Major Fellowship Activities: Keppler researched and wrote “Central Africa: The Influx of Arms and the Continuation of Crisis.”  She co-wrote an editorial advisory on “Who Will Pay and Who Will Profit from NATO Expansion.”

Current Activities: Keppler is Senior Counsel in the International Justice Program at Human Rights Watch, where she conducts research and advocacy regarding efforts to ensure justice for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.  Her work currently focuses on accountability for crimes committed during the Sierra Leone civil war at the Special Court for Sierra Leone and crimes committed in the Darfur region of Sudan.  She has also worked on justice for serious past crimes committed in Iraq and Security Council resolutions on the International Criminal Court.  She worked part -time during law school as a research associate for the Arms and Conflict Program based at the Fund for Peace, where she researched all aspects of arms trafficking to conflict zones.  This organization specializes in investigative research on small arms trafficking to better inform policy choices on these issues.  She co-wrote Casting the Net? The Implications of the U.S. Law on Arms Brokering with Loretta Bondì.


Salome Samadashvili

Fall 1997 Fellow, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Center for Nonproliferation Studies

Education: American University, MA Public Policy, 2001
Central European University, LLM Comparative Constitutional Law, 1999
Allegheny College, BA Political Science, 1997

Issues Covered: Export controls and nonproliferation/security issues in the Republic of Georgia; the conflict in the Georgian breakaway region of Abkhazia

Major Fellowship Activities: Samadashvili focused on issues of her native Republic of Georgia.  She gathered information on the nuclear facilities, governmental bodies and export regulations of Georgia for the CNS database.  She translated and summarized the Georgian export control regulations.   She also wrote a piece about the conflict in Abkhazia.  This conflict is salient to nonproliferation efforts because Georgia contains a nuclear facility which reportedly has uranium and could therefore be subject to nuclear smuggling.  She also monitored the Georgian press for articles related to nuclear and security issues and translated articles on proliferation.  She created a directory of bookmarks for the Internet on nonproliferation and security concerns in Georgia.  Finally, she scheduled visits for two CNS visiting fellows, from Armenia and Georgia, attending meetings with U.S. officials and scholars.

Current Activities: Samadashvili is a Member of the Parliament of Georgia, Deputy Chair of the Foreign Relations Committee, and Deputy Head of the United National Movement Faction. She is also an Associate Fellow at the Wiflried Martens Center for European Studies. She is the Director of the International Relations and Political Sciences Department at the University of Georgia.

She was previously a visiting fellow at the Centre for European Studies in Brussels where she worked on a policy paper, reviewing the policy of the European Union towards the countries in the former USSR -Eastern Neighbourhood Partnership Initiative. She was previously the Republic of Georgia’s Ambassador to the Benelux Countries and Head of the Mission to the European Communities. She represented her country in its relations with the European Institutions–European Commission, Council of the European Union and European Parliament–and leads Georgia’s efforts to deepen the level of its integration into the European structures.  Prior to that position she served in the Georgian Parliament where she was a Deputy-Chair of the Foreign Relations Committee.  She previously worked as a Parliamentary Program Coordinator for the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs in Tbilisi, Georgia.  NDI works with political parties, NGOs and the Parliament of Georgia in order to promote democracy.  She designed and implemented Parliamentary programs with the goal of strengthening the Parliament as an institution, and promoting key democracy building legislative initiatives.


Eric Sohn

Fall 1997 Fellow, Union of Concerned Scientists, Arms Control and International Security Program

Education: University of California, Davis, MBA Finance, 2003
Monterey Institute of International Studies, MA International Policy Studies with a concentration in Russian Language and Politics and International Security Issues, 1997
Colby College, BA Russian/Soviet Studies, 1992

Issues Covered: Russian START II ratification, development of START III; Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.

Major Fellowship Activities: Sohn co-wrote an article in the UCS journal Nucleus (Winter 1997) on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty entitled A Test Ban for All Seasons.

Current Activities: Sohn is an Emerging Markets Equity Analyst at Tradewinds Investment Management, an independent hedge fund.  Prior to graduate school, he worked as an International Trade Specialist at the Department of Commerce, where he administered a $1.1 million annual budget to foster trade with the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union and contributed to reports to Congress and the Vice President on regional economic assistance programs.  He has also been a policy analyst at SAIC in the Security Studies and Arms Control Support division, where he did work on START implementation and compliance for the Army, and conducted research on the effects of the Russian political climate on US-Russian arms control, the prospects for START III, and the ABM Treaty.  He has also worked at the Russian-American Nuclear Security Advisory Council.


Rachel Stohl

Fall 1997 Fellow, British American Security Information Council, Project on Light Weapons

Education: Monterey Institute of International Studies, MA International Policy Studies, 1997
University of Wisconsin at Madison, BA Political Science and German, 1995

Issues Covered: U.N. issues, Destruction of Surplus Weapons in Central America, Small Arms and Light Weapons, and Ammunition.

Major Fellowship Activities: Stohl focused on surplus weapons in Central America, and tracked the flow of ammunition to the region.  The research resulted in a paper entitled Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Light Weapons Destruction in Central America which she co-wrote.  She also covered the U.N. First Committee on disarmament by attending its meetings in New York in preparation for an article in a BASIC Reports on the results of the Committee (First Committee Debates Small Arms and Transparency in Armaments).  Finally, she wrote a 42-page report on Deadly Rounds: Ammunition and Armed Conflict focusing on ammunition in handguns, rifles and machine guns.

Current Activities: Stohl is a Senior Associate with Stimson’s Managing Across Boundaries initiative. Her areas of expertise focus on issues relating to the international arms trade, including small arms and light weapons, as well as children and armed conflict.

Prior to joining Stimson she was an Associate Fellow at Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, from 2009-2011. She was a senior analyst at the Center for Defense Information in Washington, D.C from 1998-2009. Stohl has also been a consultant for many international organizations, including Oxfam, Project Ploughshares, SIPRI, the Small Arms Survey, and World Vision. She served as a Scoville Fellow at the British American Security Information Council in D.C. and worked at the United Nations Center for Disarmament Affairs in New York and at the Program for Arms Control, Disarmament, and Conversion in Monterey, CA. Stohl has also been an adjunct professor at Georgetown University.

Stohl was the consultant to the UN Arms Trade Treaty process that adopted the landmark Arsm Trade Treaty in April 2013. She was previously the consultant to the UN Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2008 and the UN Register for Conventional Arms in 2009.

Stohl is co-author of two books, The International Arms Trade (Polity Press, 2009) and The Beginners Guide to the Small Arms Trade (Oneworld Publishing, 2009). She has appeared in numerous documentaries, including “Making a Killing: Inside the International Arms Trade,” available on the DVD of the feature film Lord of War.


Gaurav Kampani

Spring 1997 Fellow, Natural Resources Defense Council, Nuclear Program

Education: Cornell University, PhD Government, 2014
American University, School of International Studies, MA International Relations, 1998
Delhi University, New Delhi, India, Masters in Political Science, 1995
Delhi University, New Delhi, India, BA History, 1991

Issues Covered: Science Based Stockpile Stewardship Program; India’s nuclear policy in the post-Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty era; and policy recommendations to strengthen the nonproliferation regime.

Major Fellowship Activities: Kampani contributed to End Run: The U.S. Government’s Plan for Designing Nuclear Weapons and Simulating Nuclear Explosions Under the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and to The Internet and the Bomb: A Research Guide to Policy and Information about Nuclear Weapons.

Current Activities: Kampani is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Tulsa where his specialization is international politics. He teaches courses on U.S. national security, world politics, and South Asia. He was previously a Transatlantic Post-Doctoral Fellow for International Relations & Security at the Norwegian Institute for Defense Studies (IFS) where he researched how secrecy shapes decision-making in emerging nuclear powers. He was a PhD student in the Department of Government at Cornell University where he focused on International Relations and specifically on security studies. His dissertation is entitled “The Weaponization Paradox: Why Some Emerging Nuclear Powers Delay Building Operational Forces” and examines the lag between nuclear weapons-related hardware development and software management in India’s case in the decade prior and post-1998. He spent the 2010-2011 academic year as a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at Stanford’s Center for International Security and Cooperation where he worked with Scott Sagan.  During graduate school he was a consultant for the Center for Nonproliferation Studies on WMD proliferation-related issues concerning South Asia.  In 2006 he contributed a book chapter for an SSRC project on nuclear weapons and South Asia.  He previously worked as a Senior Research Associate in the Proliferation Research Analysis Program at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, CA, where his regional focus was South Asia.  He wrote issue briefs, commentaries, and articles for peer-reviewed journals and web publications; maintained nuclear and missile databases; created weapons of mass destruction country profiles for India and Pakistan; taught graduate classes; delivered guest lectures in workshops and seminars for mid-career professionals and graduate students; briefed the media; and conducted local public outreach activities.  He has written chapters on India-Pakistan nuclear issues for two forthcoming books.  He co-wrote “Pakistan: Shift Away from Indo-Centricism?”  He wrote a CNS report entitled “How a U.S. National Missile Defense Will Affect South Asia.”  He co-wrote “The Forthcoming Perry Report” about U.S.-North Korea relations.  He wrote “Barking Up the Wrong Tree” about India and nuclear deterrence for the on-line publication Nuclear Watch.  He wrote an article entitled “From Existential to Minimum Deterrence: Explaining India’s Decision to Test” and contributed to “Nuclear- and Missile-Related Trade and Developments for Selected Countries,” both of which appeared in the Fall 1998 issue of The Nonproliferation Review.  He contributed to chronologies of North Korea’s nuclear program and nuclear safeguards and inspections.  He also wrote “The Escalating War in Kashmir,”  “Hammering out an Indo-US nuclear deal” and “Behind India’s Veil of Nuclear Ambiguity”  which appeared in Rediff on the Net.  Prior to his current position, he worked at the U.S. Institute of Peace as a Research Assistant.


Christina Lindborg

Spring 1997 Fellow, Federation of American Scientists, Space Policy Project

Education: University of South Carolina at Columbia, MA Political Science, 2000
University of Minnesota Twin Cities, BA International Relations and Political Science, 1996

Issues Covered: Ballistic missile defense, military spending and missile transfers.

Major Fellowship Activities: Lindborg learned Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) for creating and updating FAS’ web sites, and utilized it as a new way of publishing and a new method of activism.  She updated the web page on Congressional floor debate on ballistic missile defense for 1997 and for 1996.  She attended hearings on missile-related issues and then transferred the statements from those hearings to the web site.  She wrote arguments against the instant implementation of the Joint Strike Fighter and F/A-18 E/F attack aircraft programs, and updated the “Stop the B-2 Bomber” homepage.  She helped create an on-line space guide that includes an overview of image intelligence, signals intelligence, missile defense, and antisatelite activities of nations in Europe and Asia.  The Federation of American Scientists was the first organization to put a comprehensive guide of the Corona military satellite photographs on-line. She transferred photographs of the Corona military satellite to the web site–scanning and enhancing the images so they could be more clearly seen by internet audiences.  She helped to redesign and update on-line guides to the Monday Lobby Group and the Military Spending Working Group and attended their meetings.

Current Activities: Lindborg is a policy associate with the Workforce Data Quality Campaign, which is affiliated with the National Skills Coalition. She was previously an Analyst and Program Manager at the British American Security Information Council, where she addressed transatlantic security issues, U.S. foreign policy and arms control in her work. She previously worked at the Overseas Development Council in Washington, DC

Loung Ung

Spring 1997 Fellow, Peace Action Education Fund, Weapons Trafficking Campaign

Education: Saint Michael’s College (VT), BA Political Science, 1993

Issues Covered: Landmines

Major Fellowship Activities: Ung updated a Peace Action Education Fund fact sheet entitled “Landmines: Mass Destruction in Slow Motion.”  She then organized a Landmine Activist kit, which included her factsheet and other related materials produced by PAEF and other groups.  This kit was distributed to grassroots groups and members of the U.S. Campaign to Ban Landmines (USCBL) to gain support for the “Ottawa Treaty,” a landmine treaty outside of the United Nations forum.  She then worked with the USCBL to organize a rally at Lafayette Park, across the street from the White House (on May 16, 1997) to ban landmines.   She helped with the logistics, including the gathering of thousands of shoes to represent people who lost their lives to mines, and also was the emcee of the rally.   The rally received coverage on Voice of America.  Ung also attended many meetings of the USCBL and the Arms Transfer Working Group of the Monday Lobby Group.

Current Activities: Ung is a part-time Spokesperson for the Campaign for a Landmine Free World, a program of the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation.  She travels extensively in the United States and overseas speaking on the issues relating to landmines, child soldiers and other human rights.  She serves on the U.S. board of directors of Grapes for Humanity, an organization that raises funds for humanitarian efforts, including for victims of landmines.  Her autobiography, First They Killed My Father: A Daughter of Cambodia Remembers, was published in January 2000 by Harpercollins.  The sequel, Lucky Child: A Daughter of Cambodia Reunites with the Sister She Left Behind, was published by HarperCollins in April 2005


Luke Warren

Spring 1997 Fellow, Council for a Livable World Education Fund, Conventional Arms Transfers Project

Education: University of Edinburgh, MSC Philosophy, 1995
St. John’s College (NM), BA Liberal Arts, 1992

Issues Covered: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: START III: conventional arms transfers.

Major Fellowship Activities: Warren researched and wrote several articles for the Arms Trade News on issues such as the proposed Code of Conduct on arms sales, landmines and weapons profiles.  He also wrote news advisories and press releases, and as a result appeared on several radio programs to discuss these issues, including stations in Dover, DE, Indianapolis, Duluth and Rochester, MN, Columbus, GA and San Francisco.  He also had a letter to the editor published in the Washington Times.  In addition to his work with the CAT project, he co-wrote a position paper with John Isaacs on START III entitled “The Clinton-Yeltsin Summit Meeting: The Need To Negotiate A Framework Agreement On START III,” and an informational pamphlet on the excessive costs and redundancies of Stockpile Stewardship.   Additionally, he was able to attend several CTBT coalition meetings, a forum at the CATO Institute on nuclear weapon abolition, and congressional hearings concerning Ballistic Missile Defense and the ABM Treaty.

Current Activities: Warren is Media Director, Head of Sales for Specialty Market, and Project Manager at North Star Games, a Bethesda, MD based start up company that makes board games, the most well known of which is Wits & Wagers.  He also writes Progressive Movement, a political blog focused on improving how progressives talk about messaging.  Previously he was a press secretary for the Union of Concerned Scientists focusing on global warming and national security.  In 2004 he worked for the John Kerry for President campaign on their Internet team, where he answered e-mail, identified voter concerns and translated that into e-mail responses, and went to Iowa for a week before the caucuses to do field work for Kerry.  He has also worked as media coordinator and analyst at the Council for a Livable World Education Fund, where he focused on Ballistic Missile Defense, military spending and the conventional arms trade.  He wrote a report entitled “Human Rights and Weapons: Records of Selected U.S. Arms Clients.”  He was an assistant editor of Arms Trade News, a monthly newsletter that covers U.S. weapons export policy, legislative proposals and action, and international arms trade developments, and writes for the Arms Trade Insider.  He has written op-eds or been quoted in the Baltimore Sun, Christian Science Monitor, Dallas Morning News, San Francisco Chronicle, Washington Post and NPR’s All Things Considered.