Fall 1996 Fellow, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Security Program
Education: Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Mid-Career MPA, 1996 (on a Fulbright Scholarship)
Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, BA English Language, 1971
Issues Covered: Fissile materials issues
Major Fellowship Activities: Ayukawa created an electronic newsletter to combine issues of plutonium disposition from dismantled nuclear warheads and the civil use of plutonium. It intends to provide the readers an inter-connected relations of civil and military use of plutonium. She also worked to support PSR’s public education efforts on fissile material disposition policy issues.
Current Activities: Ayukawa is a professor at Chiba University of Commerce in the Faculty of Policy Informatics teaching environmental issues, energy and climate, and the UN negotiations related to environment and sustainability. In June 2011 she received a Com Sophia Award from the Sophia University Alumni Association for the work she has done on MOX plutonium fuel and industry, especially the translation of the book by IPPNW titled “The MOX Industry or The Civilian Use of Plutonium.” She was interviewed on “Democracy Now” following the Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011.
In August 2012, she became the founding member of a group to make a Nuclear Phase Out Legislation, mainly led by lawyers. She also coordinated an Civil Society Policy Forum Event, “Post Fukushima – The Role of the Financial Sector in Energy Future” held by Takagi Fund for Citizen Science, in October at the World Bank/IMF Annual Meeting in Tokyo. Since November 2012, she serves as the Chairperson at the Ichikawa City Council’s Environment Committee, working to draw up a Biodiversity Strategy for the City of Ichikawa, Chiba prefecture where her university is located. In April, 2013, she became an advisor to Citizens’ Committee on Nuclear Energy, sponsored by Takagi Fund for Citizen Science. She also became a Board Member of Greenpeace Japan.
Prior to her current work, she worked at World Wide Fund for Nature in Japan till 2008, as a Special Advisor , and before that the group leader of to the Climate Change Program where she was involved in the UNFCCC international negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol and its future, trying to introduce a cap and trade emissions trading scheme in Japan, working with businesses to initiate a voluntary reduction scheme (Climate Savers), and informing the public about the urgency of the issue. She was also the Deputy Representative of the “2008 G8 NGO Forum, ” Deputy Director of the Climate Action Network Japan. She also worked as, and a member of the Japanese Ministry of Environment’s “Capacity Building of Environmental Human Resources at Universities in Asia” Committee, “Carbon Tax Committee” and “Kyoto Mechanisms Committee”.
In 2009 she worked as a consultant for Greenpeace International to follow the negotiations towards Copenhagen COP15 in December 2009. She served on the board of the Green Energy Certification Center, a private organization partly funded by the Agency of Natural Resources and Energy. She was a Special Professor at Osaka University Research Institute for Sustainable Science, and a part-time lecturer at several other universities. She has appeared on NHK TV several times speaking about WWF’s Climate Change Campaigns and about whereabouts of the Climate negotiation by the UNFCCC. She has been quoted numerous times in various media including CNN and BBC and other international newspapers.
Fall 1996 Fellow, Institute for Science and International Security
Education: Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, MPH, 2008
Mount Holyoke College, BA Chemistry and Asian Studies, 1996
Issues Covered: Fissile Material Cut Off Treaty; nuclear safeguards; South Africa’s uranium stockpile.
Major Fellowship Activities: Barbour traveled to Geneva and Vienna for ISIS-sponsored workshops on the Fissile Material Cut Off Treaty, the next nuclear arms control agreement to be negotiated in the Conference on Disarmament. For the workshops she prepared a chronology detailing events surrounding past treaty proposals. She prepared tables and graphs which were distributed at the events.
Barbour also began writing a short introduction to safeguards for an upcoming ISIS book entitled Proliferation Critical Paths: Trends and Solutions. She toured the Safeguards division of the IAEA while in Vienna. She conducted research on the 93 + 2 Program, the most stringent safeguards program now being implemented by the IAEA, which includes a provision for improving the detection of clandestine nuclear activities through environmental monitoring. She researched the materials release from uranium enrichment and processing facilities in the U.S. during the 1940’s and 1950’s in order to understand the types of releases that might be characteristic of fledgling nuclear weapons programs.
Barbour also worked on a project concerning the possible conversion of the South African Safari-1 civil nuclear reactor from High Energy Uranium to Low Energy Uranium fuels as part of the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactors program. She interviewed a series of U.S. government officials in order to document the Safari-1 conversion effort.
Current Activities: Barbour is a Senior Project Analyst at Johns Hopkins Hospital where she provides analysis and develops projections of inpatient and outpatient services including volumes, procedures and patient mix to Department of Medicine administrators and physicians. She previously worked for the U.S. Agency for International Development as a Team Leader/Senior Program Manager in their Office of Transition Initiatives. Previously, she was a staff scientist at the Institute for Science and International Security, where she worked on technical assessments for nuclear nonproliferation. She co-wrote “Ending the Production of Fissile Material for Nuclear Weapons: Background Information and Key Questions.”
My Fellowship at ISIS was a wonderful opportunity. I accepted the Fellowship because it offered me the opportunity to apply my scientific training to concrete and pressing problems. The Fellowship has realized my expectations in that respect. ISIS gave me the freedom to intellectually pursue my interests…I was immediately given responsibilities, both organizationally and intellectually; I was writing for publication and allowed to participate fully in some of ISIS’ most exciting work.
Fall 1996 Fellow, World Federalist Association
Education: American University, School of International Service, MA, International Affairs with a concentration in International Law and Organization, 1997
University of California, San Diego, BA History, 1994
Issues Covered: Preventive Diplomacy and the International Criminal Court
Major Fellowship Activities: Velasquez wrote a briefing paper on the election of the U.N. Secretary-General, titled “The U.N. Secretary-General Election: Multilateralism or Power Politics?”, which examined the controversy over Boutros-Ghali’s bid for re-election, the selection process in general, the U.S.’s position on and role in the selection process, and WFA’s position on the issue. She wrote an article examining the views expressed in the national platforms of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party with respect to current and future U.S.-U.N. relations titled “Defining the U.S.’s Role in International Relations: The Democratic and Republican Platforms.” She also wrote a paper examining the U.S.’s proposals for funding the International Criminal Court.
Velasquez conducted research on the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s (OSCE) past, present, and future efforts at preventive diplomacy. The purpose of the paper was to study the role of regional organizations within the field of preventive diplomacy. It also examined how the OSCE’s work in conflict prevention contributes to the institutionalization of preventive diplomacy capacities on a national and international level. She also wrote a paper examining statements made by U.N. Missions to the opening of the 51st Session of the General Assembly; the purpose of the paper was to compare how various countries view their engagement with the U.N., what their international priorities are, and how the U.N. helps to fulfill them within a multilateral framework. She attended the U.N. Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) Meeting on the International Criminal Court in New York as WFA’s representative to the Coalition for an International Criminal Court. She also attended House and Senate hearings related to U.S.-U.N. relations.
Current Activities: Velasquez is Senior Manager for Compensation & Retirement at Intelsat.
Spring 1996 Fellow, Natural Resources Defense Council, International and Nuclear Programs
Education: New York University Law School, JD, 1999
Dartmouth College, AB History, 1995
Issues Covered: Specifications and uses of nuclear weapons materials; the safety of Soviet and American nuclear reactors; and the technicalities and economics of nuclear materials reprocessing.
Major Fellowship Activities: Urstadt worked on an NGO nuclear safety summit held in conjunction with the G-7 and Russian nuclear safety summit. He wrote a comparison of the task force’s proposals to the results of the nuclear safety summit. He also worked on an economic analysis of the costs of reprocessing spent nuclear fuel, and helped prepare an NRDC presentation for the G-7 summit in Lyons, France on the proliferation dangers of Russia’s plutonium stockpiles.
He helped prepare the materials for an NRDC-sponsored conference of international nuclear safety experts in Moscow the week before the summit, and for a press center conducted during the summit, including fact sheets, the press releases and the report stating the position of NRDC and the panel on the issues that arose at the summit. After the summit, he wrote the follow-up report that was sent to the press and the foundations that funded the event.
He also worked on a paper analyzing the economic costs of reprocessing spent nuclear fuel, and on a memo to the head of the Russian Affairs Bureau of the State Department summarizing the four worst environmental problems of global concern in Russia.
Current Activities: Urstadt is the General Counsel for Capital Dynamics, a private equity manager headquartered in Zug, Switzerland. He was previously a vice president of LGT Capital Partners AG, in Zurich, Switzerland. He serves on the board of directors of the Caribbean Conservation Corporation, an organization based in Florida and Costa Rica which is devoted to scientific research on and advocacy for sea turtles. At NYU Law School he was president of the Public Interest Law Foundation.
Exposure to the political advocacy process was the most meaningful aspect of my Scoville Peace Fellowship…Although I studied and researched the specifications of and uses of nuclear weapons materials, the safety of Soviet and American nuclear reactors and the technicalities and economics of nuclear materials reprocessing, I benefitted most from observing the manner in which successful advocates push their issues. The Fellowship has not only taught me how to translate my social concerns into direct action, but it has shown me the direction I need to take to begin doing so. I could not have been more pleased with my Scoville Fellowship.