1995 Fellows

David Andersen
Fall 1995 Fellow, Federation of American Scientists, Arms Sales Monitoring Project

Education: University of Maryland, PhD, Political Science, 2004
University of Maryland, MA Political Science, 2002
Hampshire College, BA Peace Studies and International Security Policy, 1995

Issues Covered: Global diffusion of light weapons and its effects on global violence

Major Fellowship Activities: Andersen wrote articles for the Arms Sales Monitor; helped create a project on light weapons diffusion by collecting and organizing data on international light weapons production, sales and use, and created a database that contains over one hundred incidents of black market transactions involving light weapons.  He established a home page on Light Weapons Diffusion and Global Violence.  He also co-authored a book-length monograph with Prof. Michael Klare entitled A Scourge of Guns: The Diffusion of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Latin America, which shows how many and by what means arms have been pumped into Latin America, and what destabilizing effect these arms have had.

Current Activities: Andersen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Government at California State University, Sacramento, and coordinator of the peace and conflict resolution minor.  He teaches classes in international politics, U.S. foreign policy, conflict processes and research methods.  He has written articles on nuclear warfare, nuclear weapons, the Nobel Peace Prize, war, and peace movements, that will appear in the Encyclopedia of Social Sciences in 2007.  He was previously a visiting professor at Vanderbilt University and at St. Mary’s College of Maryland.  His PhD dissertation was entitled “Foreign Policy Decision-Making and Violent Non-State Actors: Processes, Behavior, and Output.”  He was previously an Adjunct Professor at The George Washington University where he taught a course on “Military Force and Foreign Policy.”  Prior to entering graduate school he was the Associate Director/National Campaign Coordinator at Student Pugwash, USA where he worked with college and high school students to explore issues of science, technology and social responsibility on their campuses.

The Scoville Fellowship allowed me to do some very unique things just out of college, and I am very glad I was given this opportunity.


Heather Hamilton
Fall 1995 Fellow, World Federalist Association, Preventative Diplomacy Project

Education: American University, School of International Service, MA International Peace and Conflict Resolution, 1999
Hood College, BA Political Science, 1995

Issues Covered: Preventive diplomacy initiatives in the United Nations and the U.S. government.

Major Fellowship Activities: Hamilton worked as the Project Coordinator for WFA’s Preventive Diplomacy Project, where she designed, planned and executed all aspects of WFA’s new Preventive Diplomacy Advocacy and Education Project in support of strengthened United Nations preventive diplomacy capabilities.  She developed background materials for a variety of audiences, including grassroots activists, Congresspersons and other non-profit organizations. She developed a set of draft proposals which included information from interviews with experts in the field and wrote a grassroots action packet for a Partners Program action, which involved convening panel discussions on U.N. preventive diplomacy, and establishing the foundations for a coalition.  Hamilton also wrote a Briefing Book on United Nations Preventive Diplomacy for Members of Congress, activists and non-profits, and met with the U.N. Under-Secretary General for the Department of Political Affairs.

Current Activities: Hamilton is Deputy Executive Director at Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage. She focuses on facilitating international advocacy efforts at a global and regional level to achieve the policy, programmatic and funding changes that will be crucial to bringing an end to child marriage.

She was previously a Consultant at the East Asia and Pacific Regional Office of UNICEF in Thailand, helping Country Offices in planning, communications and fundraising on a new initiative to advocate with Ministries of Finance for more adequate, effective, efficient and equitable budget resource allocations for children, especially the most disadvantaged. She became Executive Director of the Connect U.S. Fund in July 2009. She previously served as its Senior Policy Advocate. The Connect U.S. Fund, which existed between 2003 – 2013, promoted responsible U.S. global engagement in an increasingly interdependent world through grantmaking and activities that advanced foreign policy objectives and supported an effective, collaborative community of individuals and organizations working toward common goals. As Senior Policy Advocate, she spearheaded efforts to create a network, help NGOs achieve their policy goals, and advance the policy debate on critical foreign policy issues. She was Chair of the Board of Directors of the Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict. She was previously Executive Vice President and Chief of Staff at Citizens for Global Solutions. She coordinated the work of CGS’ staff and managed cross-departmental initiatives and advocacy campaigns; led the process of determining organizational priorities and monitored the implementation of the strategic plan; and served as a primary external representative of the organization with the media, non-profits, coalitions, foundations and other stakeholders. She was formerly the director of programs, where she oversaw the Campaign to End Genocide and the International Criminal Court project.  Prior to that she worked as Manager of the Community Education Center at OMB Watch working on nonprofit advocacy issues. She spent six months as an intern with the Women and Habitat Programme of the U.N. Centre on Human Settlements (Habitat) in Nairobi, where she worked to establish women’s rights to land and property in situations of conflict and reconstruction. She also conducted research and wrote “Rwanda’s Women: The Key to Reconstruction,” which was published as a chapter in the Journal of Humanitarian Assistance’s online book, The Future of the African Great Lakes Region. She received a Human Rights Award from the United Nations Association of the National Capitol Area in 2001. She was a member of the Board of Directors of the Center for U.N. Reform Education and a member of Women in International Security.


The fellowship was perfect for me. My experience far exceeded my expectations; I was basically given direction over an entire project, which gave me a tremendous amount of experience and skills. I had intended to study conflict resolution in grad school, so this fit perfectly into my career goals, and even helped me to pinpoint early resolution of conflict as the area which most fascinates me.


Michael Lopez
Fall 1995 Fellow, Lawyers Alliance for World Security/Committee for National Security

Education: George Mason University, MBA, 2002
Occidental College, BA Political Science, 1995

Issues Covered: National Security Syndicate, CNS Field Project

Major Fellowship Activities: Lopez helped prepare a short report on the status of Lithuanian export control legislation. He worked in the CNS Field Project, where he scheduled a field visit for the late William Colby, former Director of Central Intelligence, to go to Portland, Oregon and speak about the defense budget and other relevant foreign policy issues.

He also helped coordinate the National Security Syndicate, a syndicated op-ed service that seeks to expand public debate on national security issues through the placement of op-eds in national newspapers.  In this capacity, he devised a system to distribute op-eds with the greatest efficiency.   Lopez became the editorial contact for many of the newspapers, contacting the Op-Ed Page Editors of these papers and discussing the individual pieces with them.  He edited many of the pieces, and was active in deciding which issues should be addressed and when they should be sent.

Current Activities: Lopez is an innovation and strategy director for a global technology company. He is responsible for driving innovation performance and strategy development, strategic market analysis, and business planning & analysis. He contributes to identifying and capturing strategic business opportunities as well as driving implementation of related strategic initiatives while working with key business leaders through the organization. He was previously a Senior Associate with Booz Allen Hamilton in California, where he led Booz Allen’s economic and financial services business in the greater Los Angeles region.


I found the Scoville experience invaluable. Over the course of my six months, the countless advantages of the Scoville Fellowship have been revealed to me….The Scoville Fellowship has given me an occasion to grow as a practitioner in the field of arms control…Moreover, it has given me an opportunity to work in Washington, DC, a city that not only has a wealth of political venues that one can explore, but also offers a variety of educational and cultural activities that have complemented my work as a Scoville Fellow…The opportunities and the experience that the Fellowship has provided me will undoubtedly be the foundation on which my career in either politics or business will be based… Entering a professional field is often a difficult and stressful process; the Fellowship has smoothed that transition for me considerably. I will continue to be a participant in the fellowship and a supporter of its program.


Hisham Zerriffi
Fall 1995 Fellow, Institute for Energy and Environmental Research

Education: Carnegie Mellon University, PhD Engineering and Public Policy, 2004
Carnegie Mellon University, MS Engineering and Public Policy, 2002
McGill University, MSC (Applied) Chemistry, 1997
Oberlin College, BA Physics, 1995

Issues Covered: The future of the nuclear weapons complex, focusing on tritium and the Department of Energy’s stockpile stewardship program; non-proliferation

Major Fellowship Activities: Zerriffi worked primarily on the future of the nuclear weapons complex.  His major activity was his research project on two aspects of the Department of Energy’s nuclear weapons complex: tritium production for nuclear warheads and the stockpile stewardship program to replace nuclear testing.  His research on the DOE’s tritium production resulted in a report entitled “Tritium: The environmental, health, budgetary, and strategic effects of the Department of Energy’s decision to produce tritium,” an op-ed, and an article in the Institute’s newsletter, Science for Democratic Action.

He also conducted research on the Department of Energy’s Science Based Stockpile Stewardship program which resulted in a report which he co-wrote entitled “The Nuclear Safety Smokescreen: Warhead Safety and Reliability and the Science Based Stockpile Stewardship Program.”  He co-authored “The U.S. Can’t Have It Both Ways,” an article drawing on some aspects of this work which was published in the March/April Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

Current Activities: Zerriffi is an Assistant Professor and the Ivan Head South/North Research Chair in the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia.  He teaches and conducts research on the links between energy, environment and development with on-going research projects in China, India, Cambodia and Brazil.  He is also a Faculty Affiliate at the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University and a member of the board of directors of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research.  He was previously a Postdoctoral Scholar  at the Center for Environmental Science and Policy at Stanford where he led a project on the use of small-scale electric power systems for rural electrification in the developing world.  He was also a visiting fellow at the World Resources Institute in their Climate and Energy Program.  His doctoral thesis was on electricity systems under stress (e.g., electricity systems in areas of conflict or war).  The research examined the reliability and economic impact of using wide-scale distributed generation (small power generators located close to users rather than current paradigm of large power plants and long-distance electricity transmission), particularly under stress.  He worked for several years as a senior scientist at IEER.  He co-wrote “Magical Thinking” which appears in the March/April 2001 issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.  He co-wrote “Nuclear Alchemy Gamble: An Assessment of Transmutation as a Nuclear Waste Management Strategy.”   He wrote comments on the Department of Energy Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Facility.   He spoke at a forum about technical and legal issues relating to the CTBT and ABM treaty at an IEER-sponsored conference entitled “Nuclear Disarmament, the NPT, and the Rule of Law” at the U.N.  He co-wrote a report entitled Dangerous Thermonuclear Quest: The Potential of Explosive Fusion Research for the Development of Pure Fusion Weapons.   He co-wrote Pure Fusion Weapons? which appeared in the October 1998 issue of Science for Democratic Action. Research he conducted during this time resulted in an article which appeared in the September/October 1996 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists entitled “The Stewardship Smokescreen.”

The Scoville Fellowship was an excellent opportunity for me…without the Fellowship it would have been very difficult for me to get experience in the non-profit sector working on these issues. By providing a paid position, the Scoville Fellowship removed a major hurdle towards getting work experience that is crucial for my professional and career goals. IEER provided a great work environment, substantive and challenging work, and Arjun Makhijani was and continues to be a great role model for an aspiring scientist concerned about the world…the lessons that I have learned here about the role of science and scientists will stay with me throughout my career. All in all I think the Scoville Fellowship program is excellent and I am very thankful for having had the opportunity to participate.


Tini Duong
Spring 1995 Fellow, Union of Concerned Scientists, Program on Arms Control and International Security

Education: Stanford University Law School, JD, 1999
University of California at Berkeley, BA History and English, 1993

Issues Covered: Collective security issues, particularly U.S. funding for U.N. peacekeeping and the Cooperative Threat Reduction (Nunn-Lugar) program.

Major Fellowship Activities: Duong focused on grassroots education and mobilization on collective security issues.   She also produced a briefing paper on United Nations peace operations, worked to build coalitions in support of U.N. peacekeeping, and followed State Department reorganization by attending hearings of the House and Senate.

Current Activities: Duong is Senior Counsel in the Los Angeles Regional Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  She investigates possible securities law violations, including insider trading, financial fraud, and bribery of foreign officials.  She previously worked as an associate in the litigation department of Hennigan, Bennett & Dorman, LLP in their Los Angeles office.  She has experience in entertainment and intellectual property litigation, as well as complex commercial litigation.  During law school she was Editor-in-Chief of the Stanford Journal of International Law.

My participation in the program enabled me to come to Washington, DC, learn about arms control issues, interact with the peace and disarmament community, and impact public policy in a positive way. Hence, I consider my experience as a fellow enriching, both personally and professionally. I look forward to applying the skills and knowledge I gained through the fellowship in my future endeavors.


Chen Jiang
Spring 1995 Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Program on Science and International Security

Education:George Mason University, MA Computer and Information Systems, 1998
Yunnan University, Kunming, China, MA International Affairs, 1986
Yunnan University, Kunming, China, BA English, 1983

Issues Covered: China’s Strategic Goals and Weapon Systems

Major Fellowship Activities: Jiang wrote a paper on China’s evolving strategic goals compared to its weapons capacity, which covered the challenges facing the Chinese leadership including their political transformation.  He also tracked China’s nuclear program and Sino-U.S. relations in the Asia-Pacific region.

Current Activities: Network engineer, IMED Link.

…I chose to work at AAAS…because I wanted to learn more technical knowledge concerning international security, like advanced conventional weapons systems, missile technology, and nuclear tests…I chose this topic because I felt there was strong misunderstanding about China’s intentions and strategic goals. China’s weapon systems had also been overestimated by the Western countries. As a Chinese analyst I felt obliged to convey my observances to an American audience. Overall, I am proud to be a Scoville Fellow.

Elizabeth (Powers) Lynch
Spring 1995 Fellow, Natural Resource Defense Council

Education: Columbia University, MA Political Science, 1999
Mount Holyoke College, B.A. Russian and Eurasian Studies, 1994

Issues Covered: Nuclear spent fuel reprocessing in Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States

Major Fellowship Activities: Powers conducted an international survey of all civilian nuclear power plants in Eastern Europe and the NIS.  The results culminated in a report which she co-authored entitled “Difficult Legacy: Spent Fuel from Soviet Reactors” detailing spent fuel outputs for each country, as well as their positions in regard to commercial spent fuel reprocessing.  She participated in daily projects for both the nuclear and international programs, translated numerous documents from Russian to English, contributed to the research concerning the Iran-Russian nuclear reactor deal, as well as the campaign against completing the Mochovoc Nuclear Reactors in the Slovak Republic.

Current Activities: Lynch is the Executive Director of the Massachusetts Bar Foundation which awards grants to non-profit organizations in Massachusetts that provide civil legal services to the poor.  She oversees the MBF’s operations, grantmaking, and strategic development activities.  Prior to graduate school she was a Program Associate for the Eurasia Foundation, which provides grants for economic and democratic reform initiatives in the former Soviet Union.

My Scoville Fellowship provided a wonderful welcome to the arms control community and to Washington, DC. Those involved with the fellowship, especially former fellows, proved a wealth of information and advice. I look forward to continued active involvement with the program.